L34: Mithaka

AIATSIS code: 
L34
AIATSIS reference name: 
Mithaka

tabs_horizontal

Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Mithaka
Ethnologue name
Dieri [Midhaga]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Mitaka
Thesaurus heading language
Mithaka language L34
Thesaurus heading (old)
Midhaga / Mithaka language (L34) (Qld SG54-05)
Tindale (1974)
Mittaka, Mittuka, Marunga (name claimed by one of the last survivors, Mit:aka being supposedly a Dieri term), Marrala and Marranda (language names), Murunuta, Mi-daga.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Marunuda (Campbell) [Mathew 1899]
Synonyms
Midhaga, Dieri, Mittaka, Mittuka, Marunga, Marrala, Marranda, Murunuta, Mi daga
Comment
Comments: 
Breen (2006 p.c.) thinks Mithaka, Marrulha L33 and Marunuda L49 are the same language, but he does not know whether they are alternative names or distinct varieties (dialects) of the same language. According to Breen (1976:745), Midhaga forms a dialect chain with Ngamini L22, Dhirari L14, Dieri L17, Yaluyandi L31 and Garwali L35.
References: 
  • Breen, Gavan. 1967. Preliminary report of linguistic survey of Western Queensland 1967. (MS 159 (Part 1)).
  • Breen, Gavan. 1976. Ngamini, and a note on Midhaga. In R.M.W. Dixon (ed.) Grammatical categories in Australian languages, Linguistic Series No. 22, pp. 745-50. Canberra: AIAS. (B D621.81/G1)
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
From Durrie north to Glengyle; east to near Monkira; about Lake Machattie, west to Kalidawarry (Tindale 1974). The Bluff (Roseberth) to Haddon Downs to Currawilla to Monkira to Cacoory (Breen MS 159).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganKarnicKarnaDieri [Midhaga]Dieri [dialects: Related to Garuwali, Marrula, Midhaga, Yarluyandi, all of which may be extinct.]
Dixon (2002)LAKE EYRE BASIN AREAL GROUPCentral Lake Eyre Basin areal groupMidhagaMidhaga further dialects: Karruwali, Marrulha (or Marrula)
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganKarnicMidhaga
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganKarnicDiyari/KarnaMidhaga
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganKarnicKarnaMidhaga
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)