L35: Karuwali

AIATSIS code: 
L35
AIATSIS reference name: 
Karuwali

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
Garuwali
Horton name
Karuwali
Ethnologue name
Dieri [Garuwali]
ISO 639-3 code
rxw
Tindale name
Karuwali
Thesaurus heading language
Karuwali language L35
Thesaurus heading (old)
Garuwali / Karuwali language (L35) (Qld SG54-07)
Tindale (1974)
Karawalla, Gara-wali, Kurrawulla, Karorinje, Kuri-walu, Goore.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Karawala, Kurrawulla, Karorinje
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Karruwali [Breen 1990:7]
Synonyms
Garuwali, Karruwali, Dieri, Karawalla, Gara wali, Kurrawulla, Karorinje, Kuri walu, Goore
Comment
Comments: 
Bowern (2001) says this is possibly a Karnic language, but that there is insufficient data available to confirm this classification. Austin (1990:172, 176) places Karuwali in his Central Karnic group, together with Yandrruwandha L18, Yawarrawarrka L23, Mithaka L34 and Western Karnic, which comprises Diyari L17, Ngamini L22 and Yarluyandi L31. According to Breen (1976:745), Garwali (L35) forms a dialect chain with Ngamini L22, Midhaga L34, Dhirari L14, Dieri L17 and Yaluyandi L31.
References: 
  • Austin, Peter. 1990. Classification of Lake Eyre languages. La Trobe Working Papers in Linguistics, vol. 3 pp. 171-201. (S 40/26)
  • Bowern, Claire. 2001. Karnic classification revisited. In Forty years on: Ken Hale and Australian languages, ed. Jane Simpson, et al., 245-261. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Breen, Gavan. 1976. Ngamini, and a note on Midhaga. In R.M.W. Dixon (ed.) Grammatical categories in Australian languages, Linguistic Series No. 22, pp. 745-50. Canberra: AIAS. (B D621.81/G1)
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Farrars Creek from near Connemara south to Beetoota, Haddon Corner, and Morney Plains; west to Durrie and Monkira on Diamantina River; east to Beal Range (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS0
2005Estimate-
2006Census6
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Karnic Karna Dieri [Garuwali] Dieri [dialects: Related to Garuwali, Marrula, Midhaga, Yarluyandi, all of which may be extinct.]
Dixon (2002) LAKE EYRE BASIN AREAL GROUP Central Lake Eyre Basin areal group Karruwali Midhaga further dialects: Karruwali, Marrulha (or Marrula)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Karnic Garuwali
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Karnic Diyari/Karna Garuwali
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Karnic Karna Garuwali
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Dieric Karna Karuwali
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Dieric Karna Karuwali