L3: Kaurna

AIATSIS Code: 
L3
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Kaurna

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Kaurna language
ABS Name
Kaurna
Horton Name
Kaurna
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Kaurna
Thesaurus heading
Kaurna language (L3) (SA SI54-09)
Tindale (1974)
Kaura (misprint for Kaurna), Coorna, Koornawarra, Nantuwara ('Kangaroo speakers,' name given to northern hordes), Nantuwaru, Nganawara, Meljurna ('quarrelsome men,' said of northern hordes of Kaurna), Kurumidlanta (Pangkala term, lit. 'evil spirits'), Milipitingara (MS), Midlanta (another name given by Pangkala), Widninga (Ngadjuri term applied to Kaurna of Port Wakefield and Buckland Park), Winaini (horde north of Gawler), Winnay-nie, Meyu (['meju] = man), Wakanuwan (name applied by Jarildekald to this and some other tribes, including Ngaiawang), 'Adelaide tribe,' Warra (means 'speech' a name for language), Warrah, Karnuwarra ('hills language,' a northern dialect, presumably that of Port Wakefield), Jaitjawar:a ('our own language'), Padnaindi (horde name), Padnayndie, Medaindi (horde living near Glenelg), Medain-die, Merildekald (Tanganekald term also loosely given to Peramangk), Merelde (Ramindjeri term applied most frequently to the Peramangk but also to the Kaurna).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Kaura, Coorna, Koornawarra, Nganawara, Kurumidlanta, Milipitingara, Widninga, Winnaynie, Meyu
Glottocode
-
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Nantuwara
Adelaide tribe
Coorna
Gaurna
Jaitjawar:a
Karnuwarra
Kaura
Koornawarra
Kurumidlanta
Medaindi
Medaindie
Meljurna
Merelde
Merildekald
Meyu
Midlanta
Milipitingara
Nantuwaru
Nganawara
Padnaindi
Padnayndie
Wakanuwan
Warra
Warrah
Widninga
Winaini
Winnaynie
Winnay nie
Medain die
Comment
Language comment
Kaurna is a member of the Thuṛa-Miṛu family (from words meaning 'man'), specifically the Miṛu group consisting of Kaurna (L3), Nharangka L1, Nukunu L4 and Ngadjuri L5. Hercus writes the Thuṛa-Miṛu group branches into Thuṛa, Parnkalla L6 and Miṛu. Thuṛa varieties include Adnyamathanha L10 and Kuyani L9 (Hercus, 1992:2). The main historical source for Kaurna, Teichelmann and Schürmann (1840:vi) describe four dialect divisions which they exemplify with the verb 'to go', also providing 'a specimen of the difference of dialects spoken' (1840:vi, 72). Teichelmann and Schürmann produced a good sketch grammar (1840), which was supplemented by additional notes by Teichelmann (1858) and Teichelmann's extensive vocabulary (1857) (see http://www.mobilelanguageteam.com.au/languages/about/kaurna#dialects> These and other resources have been used in the reclamation of the Kaurna language, see Kaurna Warra Pintyanthi .
References

Amery, Robert. 1995. Learning and reviving a language from historical sources. In Paper and talk: a manual for reconstituting materials in Australian indigenous languages from historical sources, ed. N. Thieberger, 147-164. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press.
Hercus, Luise Anna. 1992. A Nukunu dictionary. Canberra: Department of Linguistics, The Faculties, Australian National University.
Mobile Language Team. Kaurna, <http://www.mobilelanguageteam.com.au/languages/about/kaurna#dialects>, viewed 10 May 2016.
Teichelmann, Christian Gottlieb & C. W. Schürmann. 1840. Outlines of a grammar, vocabulary, and phraseology, of the Aboriginal language of South Australia, spoken by the natives in, and for some distance around, Adelaide. Adelaide: the authors.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
SA
Location information
Adelaide Plain (Amery 1995) Cape Jervis to Port Wakefield along eastern shore of Gulf St. Vincent; inland to near Crystal Brook, Snowtown, Blyth, Hoyleton, Hamley Bridge, Clarendon, Gawler, and Myponga; from the east side of the Hummock Range to Red Hill where northern hordes were sometimes known as the Nantuwara. Inland the Jultiwira or stringy bark forests of the Mount Lofty Ranges marked their boundary (Tindale 1974). The Map in Amery 2000 extends to north of Crystal Brook.
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
0 - - - - ?? - 34
Speaker NILS table
- - - -
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
4
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection None 0
Grammar Sketch grammar (less than 100 pages) 2
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript Note: 
Check Nekes MF4
Grammar: 
C.G. Teichelmann & C.W. Schurmann. 1840. Outlines of a grammar, vocabulary, and phraseology, of the Aboriginal language of South Australia, spoken by the natives in and for some distance around Adelaide published by the authors at the Native Location, Adelaide. Adelaide: the Authors.
Dictionary: 
Teichelmann, C.G. 1857. Dictionary of the Adelaide dialect. No. 59. Bleek's catalogue of Sir George Grey's Library, South African Public Library. Amery, Rob and Simpson, Jane. 2003. Warra Kaurna: a resource for Kaurna language programs. Adelaide: Kaurna Language Program.
Programs
Activities: 
Ngarrindjeri, Narrunga and Kaurna Languages Project made a tape with songs (1990). Narungga People's Language Project has been running a language revival project. South Australia. Education Dept produced a teacher's guide in 1988.
People: 
Rob Amery, C.W. Schürmann, Jane Simpson, C.G. Teichelmann, Kaurna Warra Pintyandi
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)          
Dixon (2002)   SPENCER GULF BASIN AREAL GROUP   Kaurna, Nantuwara Kadli Teichelmann and Schürmann (1840) dialects: Kaurna, Nantuwara, Ngadjuri, Narangka, Nukunu
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan South-West   Kaurna  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan South-West Yura Kaurna  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Southern Western Desert Type Yura Gaurna  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Southwest (or Nyungic) Yura Kaurna  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Southwest Yura Kaurna