L42: Yirandali

AIATSIS code: 
L42
AIATSIS reference name: 
Yirandali

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Warungu [Yirandali]
Ethnologue name
Yirandhali
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Jirandali
Thesaurus heading language
Yirandali language L42
Thesaurus heading (old)
Yirandali / Yirandhali language (L42) (Qld SF55-05)
Tindale (1974)
Yerrundulli, Yerrunthully, Irendely, Dalebura, Dal-leyburra, Pooroga (language name).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Yerrunthully, Irendely, Dalebura, Pooroga
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Synonyms
Yirandhali, Warungu, Dalleburra, Jirandali, Dalebura, Dalleyburra, Irendely, Pooroga, Yerrundulli, Yerrunthully, Yirendali, Dal leyburra
Comment
Comments: 
The classification of Yirandali is uncertain. In Sutton (1973:44-45), Yirandhali (L42) is excluded from the Mari group since it shares less than 50 per cent vocabulary with its closest Maric neighbours. Terrill (1998:99), however, tentatively includes it, cautioning that it would be premature to rule out a genetic relationship between Yirandhali and the other Maric languages. Pooroga, Dalleburra and Yirandali (and variants) have all been used to refer to this language. Oates (1975) says Dalleburra is a group name. Tindale (1974) says Pooroga is the language name of the Jirandali people. Bennett (1927) uses Dalleburra as both people and language name. Both Terrill (1998) and Sutton (1973) use Yirandhali (L42). Curr (1886, vol. 2, pp. 460-463) gives two 'specimens' of language data for Pooroga, which he says were 'obtained probably from persons of distinct tribes'. Although no dialects are reported for this language, the lists are similar though certainly not identical.
References: 
  • Bennett, M.M. 1927. Christison of Lammermoor. London: Alston Rivers. (RB B472.11/C1)
  • Curr, Montagu. 1886. Upper Flinders, Hughenden, Dutton River, etc. In The Australian Race, ed. E.M. Curr, vol. 2, pp. 460-463. (B C976.14/A1)
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Sutton, Peter. 1973. Gugu-Badhun and its neighbours: a linguistic salvage study, Macquarie University: MA. (MS 694)
  • Terrill, Angela. 1998. Biri: Languages of the world 258. München: Lincom Europa.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
On upper Dutton and Flinders rivers west of the Great Dividing Range, from near Mount Sturgeon south to Caledonia; west to near Richmond, Corfield, and east of Winton; on Torrens, Tower Hill, and Landsborough Creeks; at Lammermoor, Hughenden, and Tangorin (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (vocabulary)
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganMaricYirandhaliWarungu [dialects: Related to Ngaygungu and Yirandhali.]
Dixon (2002)GREATER MARIC GROUPMaric proper subgroupYirandhaliYirandhali
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganMaricYirandhaliYirandhali
Oates (1975)MaricYirandhaliYirandhali
Wurm (1972)Pama-MaricMariYirandali
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariJirandali