L4: Nukunu

AIATSIS Code: 
L4
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Nukunu

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Nukunu language
ABS Name
Other Australian Indigenous Languages, nec (Nukunu)
Horton Name
Nukunu
Ethnologue name
Nugunu
ISO 639-3 code
nnv
Tindale name
Nukunu
Thesaurus heading
Nukunu / Nuguna language (L4) (SA SI54-01)
Tindale (1974)
Wongaidja (valid alternative), Nukuna, Nukunnu, Nugunu, Nookoona, Nukunna, Noocoona, Nokunna, Nu-guna, Pukunna (misprint), Wongaidja, Wongaidya, Tura (['tura] = man), Tyura, Doora, Eura (general term for several tribes), Warra (name of language), Barutadura (men of Baroota).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Nukunu, Nuguna, Nukunnu, Nookoona, Noocoona, Nokunna, Pukunna, Wongaidya, Tyura, Doora, Warra
Glottocode
nugu1241
Other sources
Synonyms
Other Australian Indigenous Languages
Nugunu
Barutadura
Doora
Eura
Njuguna
Nokunna
Noocoona
Nookoona
Nuguna
Nukana
Nukuna
Nukunna
Nukunnu
Pukunna
Tjura
Tura
Tyra
Tyura
Warra
Wongaidja
Wongaidya
Nu guna
Comment
Language comment
Hercus writes the language name is properly 'Nhukunu' (with a dental nasal at the begining of the word), but the written form Nukunu is now widely established. It is a member of the Thuṛa-Miṛu family (from words meaning 'man'), specifically the Miṛu group consisting of Kaurna L3, Nharangka L1, Nukunu (L4) and Ngadjuri L5. Existing data indicate the Nukunu language was particularly closely related to the neighbouring Nharangka and Ngadjuri languages. Hercus writes the Thuṛa-Miṛu group branches into Thuṛa, Parnkalla L6 and Miṛu. Thuṛa varieties include Adnyamathanha L10 and Kuyani L9 (Hercus, 1992:2).
References

Hercus, Luise Anna. 1992. A Nukunu dictionary. Canberra: Department of Linguistics, The Faculties, Australian National University.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
SA
Location information
Eastern side of Spencer Gulf from a little north of the mouth of the Broughton River and vicinity of Crystal Brook northward to Port Augusta; east to Melrose, Mount Remarkable, Gladstone, and Quorn; at Baroota (Tindale 1974).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
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NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
4
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listSmall (20-100 pages)2
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript Note: 
Check Nekes MF4
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
Hercus, Luise. 1992. A Nukunu dictionary. Canberra: AIAS.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Catherine Ellis, Luise Hercus, Hale & O'Grady
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestYuraNugunu
Dixon (2002)SPENCER GULF BASIN AREAL GROUPNukunuKadli Teichelmann and Schürmann (1840) dialects: Kaurna, Nantuwara, Ngadjuri, Narangka, Nukunu
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestNugunu
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestYuraNugunu
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganSouthern Western Desert TypeYuraNugunu
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganSouthwest (or Nyungic)YuraNukuna
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganSouthwestYuraNukuna