N11: Pungupungu

AIATSIS Code: 
N11
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Pungupungu

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
-
Horton Name
Kuwema (Ponga Ponga/Pungupungu)
Ethnologue name
Wadiginy [Pungupungu]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Pongaponga
Thesaurus heading
Pungupungu / Bongo Bongo language (N11) (NT SD52-07)
Tindale (1974)
Pongo-pongo, ? Djiramo (Basedow regarded this as a horde of the Mulukmuluk, i.e., the Ngolokwangga). Amijangal, Ami, Worgait, Worgite, Worgaid, Wa-gait, Wagaidj, Wagite, Waggait, Waggite, Waggote, Waggute, Wagatsch, Wa(o)gatsch, Wogite, Wargad (Murin-bata term), Murinwargad (Murinbata term).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Kentjerramalh, Pungu-pungu [Top End Handbook] Ponga-ponga [Basedow 1907]
Synonyms
Kandjerramalh
Pungu Pungu
Wadiginy
Pongo pongo
Djiramo
Amijangal
Ami
Worgait
Worgite
Worgaid
Wa gait
Wagaidj
Wagite
Waggait
Waggite
Waggote
Waggute
Wagatsch
Wogite
Wargad
Murinwargad
Comment
Language comment
Pungupungu is a non-Pama Nyungan language from the Daly River region of the Northern Territory. Tryon compiled a sketch grammar and reports that Wadyiginy N31 and Pungupungu share approximately 79% cognates and would thus be normally treated as dialects of the same language. However, there exists serious morphological or morphologico-typological differences between them (1974:187). Tryon's early classification of Daly River languages as a single family has been revised and divided into five families; Reid and Harvey include an Anson Bay family consisting of Paccamalh N31 and Pungu-Pungu (N11) (in Evans, 2003:13). Note that according to Green (2007 p.c.), the term PunguPungu is used in the modern Daly to refer to a western MalakMalak N22 dialect. See also Tindale (1974:235) who includes an ambiguous reference to Mulukmuluk N22 regarding Pungupungu.
References

Evans, Nicholas. 2003. Introduction. In The non-Pama-Nyungan languages of northern Australia: comparative studies of the continent's most linguistically complex region, ed. Nicholas Evans, 285-303. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Tryon, D. T. 1974. Daly Family languages, Australia: Pacific Linguistics C-32. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NT
Location information
... on the North bank of Daly River (Stanner 1933 as quoted by Tryon 1974). On both banks of the Daly River inland from the coastal Wogait (Tindale 1974). ... south of the Wogait, on the Daly river (Basedow 1907:2)
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
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NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
4
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarA few articles1
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript Note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)DalyBringen-WagaydyWagaydyWadiginy [Pungupungu]Wadiginy [dialects: Pungupungu (Kuwama, Patjtjamalh, Kandjerramal)]
Dixon (2002)DALY RIVER AREAL GROUPKandjerramalh (=Pungu-Pungu)Patjtjamalh (=Wadjiginj, Wogait) Ford (1990) further dialect: Kandjerramalh (=Pungu-Pungu)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)DalyBringen-WagadjWagadjBungu-Bungu
Wurm (1972)DalyBrinken-WagatyWagatyPungupungu
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)