N120: Warndarrang

AIATSIS code: 
N120
AIATSIS reference name: 
Warndarrang

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Name
ABN name
Warndarang language
ABS name
-
Horton name
Mara (Warndarang)
Ethnologue name
Wandarang
ISO 639-3 code
wnd
Tindale name
Wandarang
Thesaurus heading language
Warndarrang language N120
Thesaurus heading (old)
Warndarrang / Warndarang language (N120) (NT SD53-11)
Tindale (1974)
Wandaran, Wandarung, Wanderang, Wangarong.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Wandarang
Glottocode
wand1263
Other sources
Warndarang, Wandarang, Wandaran, Warndarrang [Top End Handbook]
Synonyms
Wuyarrawala, Wandarang, Mara, Warndarang, Andarang, Wandaran, Wandarrang, Wandarung, Wanderang, Wangarong
Comment
Comments: 
Warndarrang is a non-Pama Nyungan language of the Northern Territory. Warndarang (N120) is classed as 'moderately genetically' related to Mara N112 (and Alawa N92) by Heath, who notes their divergent morphological structures. Similarities in general structure may be due to diffusional interaction (1981:4). Heath notes that Warndarang was the principle language of a clan at the mouth of the Roper River, a coastal clan to the north and along the Phelp River, north from the Roper to near the coast. Harvey examines classifications of the Marran language family beginning with O'Grady et al., who proposed it consisted of Marra N112, Warndarrang (N78) (and Alawa N92) a theory supported by Heath (see above); Merlan adds Mangarrayi N78 to this group. Harvey cites a lack of evidence, such as no common grammatical innovations, to link Marra and Warndarrang genetically. The high shared vocabulary count between them must be a result of borrowing (2012:358). This conclusion places the rest of the Marran family in some doubt (Harvey, 2012:329). See also Yukul N85. The Ngukurr Language Centre uses Warndarrang for language and Warndarang for people: ,http://ngukurrlc.org.au/languages/marra?language=warndarrang>
References: 
  • Harvey, Mark. 2012. Wandarrang and Marra: A diffusional or genetic relationship? in Australian Journal of Linguistics (32)3 ed. Keith, A. pp 327-360.
  • Heath, Jeffrey G. 1981. Basic materials in Mara: grammar, texts and dictionary: Pacific Linguistics C-60. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
Location information: 
Phelp River, inland from coast; west to Mount Leane (Tindale 1974). The affiliations of Warndarrang are principally taken from Heath. The affiliations of Warndarrang were coastal extending from the Towns River to approximately Minnie Creek. They extended inland up to 20kms. Wonmurri Waterhole on the Phelps River was at the western limit of Warndarrang affiliations (Harvey ASEDA 802).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Jeffrey Heath, Margaret Sharpe
Indigenous organisations: 

Ngukurr Language Centre https://ngukurrlc.org.au/

Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oatesexist
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS?
2005Estimate0
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection Small (20-100 pages) 2
Grammar Small grammar (100-200 pages) 3
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Heath, Jeffrey. 1980. Basic materials in Warndarang: grammar, texts and dictionary: Pacific Linguistics B72, Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Dictionary: 
Heath, Jeffrey. 1980. Basic materials in Warndarang: grammar, texts and dictionary: Pacific Linguistics B72, Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Gunwingguan Maran Mara Wandarang Wandarang [dialects: Related to Mara]
Dixon (2002) ARNHEM LAND GROUP Marra/Warndarrang subgroup* Warndarrang (or Wuyarrawala) Warndarrang (or Wuyarrawala) Heath (1980b)
Wurm (1994) Maran Mara Wamdarang
Walsh (1981) Maran Mara Nawariyi Warndarang
Oates (1975) Maran Maric Nawariyi Wandarang
Wurm (1972) Maran Maric Nawariyi Wandarang
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Maran Maric Nawariyi Wandaran