N121: Ngarnka

AIATSIS Code: 
N121
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Ngarnka

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
-
Horton Name
Ngewin (alternative of both Alawa and Ngawun)
Ethnologue name
Gudanji [Ngarnga]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Ngewin
Thesaurus heading
Ngarnji / Ngewin language (N121) (NT SD53-15)
Tindale (1974)
Gnuin, ? Leeillawarrie.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Ngangdji, Ngarnji, Ngarndji, Angee, Ngarnga, Ngewin [Top End Handbook] Gnanji [Spencer and Gillen 1904, and Basedow 1907] Angee (and Anga)[Basedow 1907] Ngarndji [Chadwick 1971]
Synonyms
Ngarnga
Ngarndji
Gudanji
Ngewin
Gnuin
Leeillawarrie
Comment
Language comment
Ngarnka (N121) is a non-Pama Nyungan language from the Barkly Tableland in the Northern Territory, classified as a member of the Eastern Mirndi group. The Mirndi languages are spread across two geographically non-contiguous areas: Eastern Mirndi, with Ngarnka, Jingulu C22 and ‘Wambayan’ (see Binbinka N138, Gudanji C26 and Wambaya C19); and Western Mirndi, with 'Jaminjungan' (see Jaminjung N18, Ngaliwurru N19) and Nungali N28 (Harvey, 2008:1-3). Nordlinger described groups located in the geographic west: Jaminjung N18, Naliwuru N19 and Nungali N28; in the geographic east the 'West Barkly' set consisting of Jingili C22 and the 'Eastern Group' of Ngarnga (N121) and the McArthur language (aka 'Wambayan') (1998:4). This language has been referred to as Ngarnji. Laughren and Pensalfini explain that Ngarnji people are affiliated with Ngarnka (N121) language (paper at ALS 2004). The AIATSIS code N121 is listed with Ngewin in Oates and Oates (1970). The name Ngarndji appears in Wurm as a member of the Wambayic group (1972:119), in a different family from Ngewin, which Wurm indicates was only known by name (1972:118). Tindale (1974) lists Ngarnji as an alternative name of Kotandji C26. There appears to be no record explaining when and why Ngarndji and thus Ngarnka came to be assigned to code N121. Ngewin and Ngarndji / Ngarnka are grouped together in the New Top End handbook (Baker, c1996). In this database, Ngewin is treated as referring to the same language as Ngarnka (N121), spoken by Ngarnji people.
References

Baker, Brett. New Top End Handbook (FileMaker database). AILEC 0626.
Chadwick, Neil. 1979. The West Barkly languages: an outline sketch. In Australian linguistic studies, ed. S. A. Wurm, 653-711. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Harvey, Mark. 2008. Proto Mirndi: a discontinuous language family in northern Australia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Nordlinger, Rachel. 1998. A grammar of Wambaya, Northern Territory (Australia): Pacific Linguistics C-140. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Wurm, S. A. 1972. Languages of Australia and Tasmania. The Hague: Mouton.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NT
Location information
O.T. Downs and Beetaloo, N.W. Barkly Tablelands and forest country north of the Tablelands (Chadwick) (Oates 1975:27). On upper Limmen Bight River (i.e., upper Spillen Creek south of the Four Archers); southeast to Old Bauhinia Downs (Tindale 1974). There was little precise information on the limits of Ngarnka country in 2007. In the southwest, the area around Mundah Waterhole and Mungabroom waterhole was the changeover area from Ngarnka to Jingulu. OT Downs homestead was affiliated with Ngarnka, and Tanumbirini homestead appears also to have been affiliated to Ngarnka. There was no precise information in 2007 as to whether Old Tanumbirini homestead was associated with Ngarnka or Alawa (Harvey ASEDA 802).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
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NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
2
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualLess than 11
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available (vocabulary, sentences)
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Neil Chadwick, Papulu Apparr-Kari Language Centre
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)West BarklyGudanji [Ngarnga]Gudanji [dialects: Binbinka, Ngarnga]
Dixon (2002)MINDI SUBGROUPEast Mindi subgroup*Ngarnga (=Ngarndji)Ngarnga (=Ngarndji)
Wurm (1994)Djingili-WambayanWambayanNgarndji
Walsh (1981)Djingili-WambayanWambayanNgarndji
Oates (1975)Djingili-WambayanWambayanNgewin
Wurm (1972)Djingili-WambayanWambayicNgarndji, Ngewin
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)