N35: Wardaman

AIATSIS Code: 
N35
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Wardaman

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
Wardaman
Horton Name
Wardaman
Ethnologue name
Wardaman
ISO 639-3 code
wrr
Tindale name
Wardaman
Thesaurus heading
Wardaman language (N35) (NT SD52-16)
Tindale (1974)
Wartaman, Warduman, Wadaman, Wadderman, Wordaman, Waduman.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Wadaman, Wartaman, Warduman, Waderman, Wordaman, Waduman
Glottocode
ward1246
Other sources
Wardaman, Warda?man, Wadaman, Waduman [Top End Handbook]
Synonyms
Wadaman
Wadderman
Waderman
Waduman
Warduman
Wartaman
Wordaman
Comment
Language comment
Wardaman (N35) belongs to the non-Pama Nyungan language family of the Northern Territory. Wardaman, Dagoman N38 and Yangman N68 are considered to be dialects of a single language (Merlan, 1994:2). Various linguistic surveys have classified Wardaman, Dagoman and Yangman as members of the Gunwiynguan language family, but Evans reports they have been 'provisionally excised' due to a lack of evidence of close relatedness (2003:13).
References

Evans, Nicholas, 2003. Introduction. In The Non-Pama-Nyungan languages of Northern Australia, ed Nicholas Evans, 353-367. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
Merlan, Francesca. 1994. A grammar of Wardaman. Berlin : Mouton de Gruyter.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NT
Location information
Scott creek (Wugimadgun) as an approximate northern boundary, the junction of Scott Creek and the Katherin River (Mululeyn) as the north-western extent, Romula Knob as an approximate south-easterly extent, the road crossing of the Victoria River (Langgay) a south-westerly one, and the rough country rising to to the Dry River plateau an approxmiate eastern side (Merlan 1994:7). Most Wardaman now live in and around Katherine (Merlan 1994:8). The general associations were to the drainages of Aroona Creek, Hayward Creek, Delamere Creek, and the headwaters of Scott Creek. Eastward limit: The drainage of Dry River was largely associated with Yangman. Drainages to the west of the Dry River drainage were associated with Wardaman. Northward limit: The crossing of the Victoria Highway on Scott Creek marks the northern limit of Wardaman associations. Westward limit: There was no precise information on the westward limit in 2007. Innesvale homestead was associated with Wardaman. Southward limit: Romola Knob marked the southern limit of Wardaman associations (Harvey ASEDA 802).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
01-3
NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
13
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listSmall (20-100 pages)2
Text CollectionLarge (more than 200 pages)4
GrammarLarge grammar (more than 200 pages)4
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Merlan, Francesca. 1994. A grammar of Wardaman: language of the Northern Territory of Australia. Berlin:Mouton de Gruyter.
Dictionary: 
Merlan, Francesca. 1990. Wardaman vocabulary, ms. Merlan, Francesca. Wardaman vocabulary, ASEDA 0254.
Programs
Activities: 
Wardaman Aboriginal Corporation and Diwurruwurru-jaru Aboriginal Corporation made a number of recordings early 2000.
People: 
Francesca Merlan, Bethwyn Evans, Katherine Regional Aboriginal Language Centre
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)GunwingguanYangmanicWardamanWardaman [dialects: Close to Yangman and Dagoman, which are extinct.]
Dixon (2002)ARNHEM LAND GROUPWagiman-Wardaman subgroup*WardamanWardaman Merlan (1994) further dialects: Dagoman, Yangman
Wurm (1994)GunwinyguanYangmanicWardaman
Walsh (1981)GunwinyguanYangmanicYibwanWardaman
Oates (1975)GunwingguanYangmanicYibwanWardaman
Wurm (1972)GunwingguanYangmanicYibiwanWardaman
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)GunwingguanYangmanicYibiwanWardaman