N37: Wurrugu

AIATSIS Code: 
N37
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Wurrugu

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
-
Horton Name
Wurango
Ethnologue name
Wurrugu
ISO 639-3 code
wur
Tindale name
Wurango
Thesaurus heading
Wurangu language (N37) (NT SC52-16)
Tindale (1974)
Wurrunga, Wurrango, Wuru:ku, U:ru:ku, Auwul-warwak, Wa:reidbug, Woreidbug, Warooko, Ja:lo (['ja:lo] = no), Yarlo, ? Limba-Karadjee (but see Iwaidja).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
wurr1238
Other sources
Popham Bay language [Earl] Popham Bay language [Schmidt, in Evans 2006:3] (W)urugu [Harvey PMS 5822] Wurruku [Marrala et al. 2008:viii]
Synonyms
Popham Bay language
Iyi
Limpapiu
Wurango
Iji
Jarle
Lyi
Urugu
Warange
Warragu
Warrka
Warrooka
Wurengo
Wurruga
Yarlo
Wurangu
Wurrunga
Wurrango
Wuruku
Uruku
Auwul warwak
Wareidbug
Woreidbug
Warooko
Jalo
Limba Karadjee
Comment
Language comment
According to Evans (1996:91), Wurrugu is one of four language varieties once spoken around the eastern end of the Cobourg Peninsula in NT, in the area stretching from Popham Bay west to Cape Don. The four varieties are Wurrugu, Burdinmanduwij N185, Wurdang N181 and Ngardawuli N179. Further, Evans (2007 p.c.) comments that Wurrugu is most likely what was recorded as Popham Bay language by Earl (1853). In his 1846 publication, Earl describes how the four groups of the Cobourg peninsula are identified by the word for 'no' in their respective dialects. What he refers to as 'Popham Bay language' in his 1853 'The native races of the Indian archipelago', he identifies as 'Iyi' in 1846. Tindale (1974) says that Earl's 'Iyi' is the same as modern Iwaidja N39. (Supporting this hypothesis is the fact that 'iyi' is the Iwaidja word for 'yes' (not 'no')). These two assessment appear contradictory, but Powell (1982:93) notes Tindale's suggestion that Iyi and Yarlo (Earl's Port Essington tribe) may be ‘older sub-tribal designations of Warooko’.
References

Earl, George Windsor. 1846. On the Aboriginal tribes of the northern coast of Australia. Royal Geographical Society of London Journal, vol. 16. (p EAR)
Earl, George Windsor. 1853. The Native races of the Indian Archipelago: Papuans. London: Hippolyte Bailliere. (RB E126.4/N1)
Evans, Nicholas. 1996. First - and last - notes on Wurrugu. University of Melbourne Working Papers in Linguistics 16:91-98.
Powell, Alan. 1982. Culture contact and changes in land occupation on the Cobourg Peninsula. North Australia Research Bulletin, nos. 6–8. (S 91/4).
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NT
Location information
... eastern end of the Cobourg Penninsula in NT, in the area stretching from Popham Bay west to Cape Don (Evans 1996). This language is now spoken chiefly at the settlement on Croker Island. However it is historically associated with the mainland opposite Croker - the neck of Cobourg Peninsula and the area around Murganella. The language associated with Croker is Marrgu (Harvey PMS 5822). Cobourg Peninsula from the drainages leading into Port Victoria on the northern side and from about Wangarlu Bay on the southern side (Harvey ASEDA 802). Western end of Cobourg Peninsula (Tindale 1974).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
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NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
2
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
Grammar1 (phonology)
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript Note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)YiwaidjanYiwaidjicWurruguWurrugu [dialectes: Close to Iwaidja.]
Dixon (2002)NORTH-WEST ARNHEM LAND SUBGROUP*Popham Bay language (= Iyi, Limpapiu)Popham Bay language (= Iyi, Limpapiu)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)Wurangu
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)