N37.1: Uwinymil

AIATSIS code: 
N37.1
AIATSIS reference name: 
Uwinymil

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Limilngan (Norweilemil)
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Norweilemil, Awinmul
Thesaurus heading language
Uwinymil language N37.1
Thesaurus heading (old)
Norweilimil language (N37.1) (NT SD53-01)
Tindale (1974)
Lemil, ? Noalanji for Norweilemil. Awinnmull, Awinmil for Awinmul.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
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Other sources
Uwinymil, Uwiynmirr, Awinymil (Warray version of above), Awinmul, Norweilemil, Ngalwenmil, Agiwallem (?) [Top End Handbook] Uwiynmirr, Awiynmil, Nawiynmil, Winmil, Aggrakundi [Harvey PMS 5822] Uwinymil [Harvey 2003:285] Agiwallem [Basedow 1907]
Synonyms
Uwinjmil, Awinjmil, Winjmil, Limilngan, Norweilemil, Beriguruk, Djowei, Lemil, Minidja, naWinjmil, Noalanji, Norweilimil, Awinmul, Uwiynmirr, Awinymil, Ngalwenmil, Agiwallem, Noalanji for Norweilemil, Awinnmull, Awinmil for Awinmul
Comment
Comments: 
Harvey says that Uwinymil is extinct, but very similar to Warray N25. He indicates it is often confused with Limilngan N42, but they are not related (1986). This confusion may be due to Spencer's names 'Norweilemil or Lemil' (1914:90). Later Harvey writes that two language varieties intervened between Jawoyn N57and Warray N25: Uwinymil and Wulwulam N32, the data for both are scarce but enough to establish that Uwinymil was a distinct language (2003:285). AUSTLANG treats Uwinymil (N37.1) and Norweilimil (N37.1) as alternate names for the same language, following Baker (New Top End Handbook). Capell includes Norweilimil from Spencer 'Norweilèmil ... name of a tribe' (1914:497); Capell locates Norweilimil on the 'South Coast of Van Diemen Gulf; west of Alligator River'; he implies that Awinmul is an alternate name for Wulwulum N32, from 'the head of Mary River and west to Pine Creek' (1963).
References: 
  • Baker, Brett. New Top End Handbook (FileMaker database). (ASEDA 0626).
  • Harvey, Mark. 1986. Fieldnotes and transcriptions of tapes in Kamu (Gamu). MS 2551.
  • Harvey, Mark. 2003. Western Gunwinyguan. In The non-Pama-Nyungan languages of northern Australia: comparative studies of the continent's most linguistically complex region, ed. Nicholas Evans, 285-303. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
  • Sutton, Peter. 1995. Country: Aboriginal boundaries and land ownership in Australia. Canberra: Aboriginal History Inc.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
Location information: 
Middle Mary river south of Mt Bundey (Top End Handbook). on the McKinely and upper Mary rivers (Harvey MS 2551). There was little precise information on the affiliations of Uwinymil in 2007. The Mt Bundey hill area, including Mt Goyder were associated with Uwinymil, and this area was on the northern limits of Uwinymil associations. Uwinymil was associated with the Mary River drainage upstream from the Mt Bundey hill area. There is no information as to how far south affiliations extended. The southern boundary is extrapolated from the ecological zone change from mostly plain country (Uwinymil) to mostly hill country (Wulwulam) (Harvey ASEDA 802). Awinmul: From Brocks Creek to Edith River; on the head waters of the Mary and Fergusson rivers (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002) ARNHEM LAND GROUP Uwinjmil (or Awinjmil, Winjmil) Uwinjmil (or Awinjmil, Winjmil)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975) Norweilimil
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)