N42: Limilngan

AIATSIS code: 
N42
AIATSIS reference name: 
Limilngan

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Limilngan
Ethnologue name
Limilngan
ISO 639-3 code
lmc
Tindale name
Puneitja
Thesaurus heading language
Limilngan language N42
Thesaurus heading (old)
Limilngan / Buneidja / Buneidya language (N42) (NT SD53-01)
Tindale (1974)
Buneitja, Baneidja, Bani:dja, Buneidja, Banidja, Minnitji, Punuurlu, Punaka (MS).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
nucl1327
Other sources
Minitja, Manidja, Menassie [Harvey 1992] Minitjaa [Harvey 2001:3 - language is more commonly and widely known as Minitjaa] Limil, Limilngan, Minitja, Mennasie, Minidja, Minityi, Manidja, Manasi [Top End Handbook] Lemil, Manitja, Minitja [Harvey PMS 5822]
Synonyms
Limit, Minitja, Beriguruk, Djowei, Lemil, Minidja, naWinjmil, Norweilemil, Baneidja, Banidja, Banindja, Buneidja, Buneidya, Manidya, Minnitji, Peneitja, Punaka, Puneitja, Punuurlu, Manidja, Menassie, Buneitja
Comment
Comments: 
Limilngan is a non-Pama Nyungan language from the Darwin hinterland in the Northern Territory. The language and people who own it are known by three names: Limilngan, Limil and Minitjja, the latter is a name generally used by other language groups (Harvey, 2001:3). Evidence from comparing verbal paradigms, nominal cognates and locative case marking between Wuna and Limilngan N42 indicate a possible relationship, but these correspondences could be the result of inheritance from widespread Proto Australian forms or diffusion (2001:5). Limilngan (N42) was not actively acquired after the 1920s (Harvey, 2001:10). Oates (1975:31) treats Limilngan (N42) Manidja / Manitja (N42) and Buneidja N42.1 as referring to the same language.
References: 
  • Baker, Brett. New Top End Handbook (FileMaker database). (ASEDA 0626).
  • Harvey, Mark, 2001. A grammar of Limilngan : A language of the Mary River Region of the Northern Territory, Australia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
Location information: 
Darwin hinterland, midway between Darwin and Oenpelli around the Mary River - traditional country (Harvey 2001:1). Mouth of the Mary river and south to Mt Bundey (Top End Handbook). The general association was to the drainage of the Mary River, below the Mt Bundey Hill area. Point Stuart and Thrings Creek were associated with Limilngan (Harvey ASEDA 802).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Gavan Breen, Mark Harvey, Frances Morphy
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listSmall (20-100 pages)2
Text CollectionSmall (20-100 pages)2
GrammarLarge grammar (more than 200 pages)4
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Harvey, Mark. 2001. A grammar of Limilngan: a language of the Mary river region, Northern Territory: Pacific Linguistics 516. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Dictionary: 
Harvey, Mark. 2001. A grammar of Limilngan: a language of the Mary river region, Northern Territory: Pacific Linguistics 516. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Limilngan-WulnaLimilngan
Dixon (2002)DARWIN REGION GROUPLimilnganWulna areal groupLimilngan (= Limit, Minitja)Limilngan (= Limit, Minitja)
Wurm (1994)UnclassifiedLimilngan
Walsh (1981)unclassifiedLimilngan
Oates (1975)LarakianWulnicWulnicManidja
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)