N45: Marrku

AIATSIS code: 
N45
AIATSIS reference name: 
Marrku

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Iwaidja (Marlgu)
Ethnologue name
Margu
ISO 639-3 code
mhg
Tindale name
Jaako
Thesaurus heading language
Marrku language N45
Thesaurus heading (old)
Marrgu / Margu language (N45) (NT SC53-13)
Tindale (1974)
Yaako (['Ja:ko] = no), Terutong, Ajokoot, Marlgu, Marrgu, Ma:go, Margo (a native name for Croker Island), Margu (language name, fide Capell).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
marg1251
Other sources
Marrgu, Margu, Marlgu [Top End Handbook] Marrku [Evans 2006 Australian Languages Workshop] Croker Island (Earl 1846), Terruton [Evans 2006:1,7]
Synonyms
Marrgu, Terrutong, Yaako, Raffles Bay language, Croker Island language, Margu, Iwaidja, Marlgu, Adawuli, Djalakuru, Gaari, Garrig, Jaako, Jiwadza, Oitbi, Uruku, Wurango, Ajokoot, Mago, Margo, Terutong, Yako
Comment
Comments: 
Evans (2006, Australian Languages Workshop) reports that evidence shows Marrku is a family-level isolate, rather than a member of the Iwaidjan family. According to Evans (2006:1), historical records suggest there were two dialects of Marrku though there is insufficient documentation to illustrate the differences between them. Evans (2006) has published a collection of stories in Marrku including nine pages of vocabulary and eight pages of grammar sketch, as well as an accompanying audio CD.
References: 
  • Confalonieri, Fr. Angelo. 1914/15. Map; Coburg Peninsula, Port Essington, the country, by the author from Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society of Australasia (S.A.Br.) 1914/15, 16; 76, in Father Angelo Confalonieri's manuscript in Jiwadja in Propaganda Fide Archive, Rome / edited with introduction and notes by Guilio Soravia. Annali Ist. or. Napoli -- 1975; 35 (n.s. 25); 377-399. (p CON)
  • Earl, George Windsor. 1846. On the Aboriginal tribes of the northern coast of Australia. Royal Geographical Society of London Journal, vol. 16. (p EAR)
  • Evans, Nicholas, Joy Williams Malwagag, and Khaki Marrala. 2006. Majila Inkawart: six stories in Marrku, the traditional language of Croker Island, translated into Iwaidja and English. Jabiru: Iwaidja Inyman.
  • Harvey, Mark. n.d. Darwin area languages. (PMS 5822)
  • Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
Location information: 
This is the language historically associated with Croker Island (Harvey PMS 5822). Croker Island apart from a small pocket on the northern end of Bowen Strait which was associated with Garig (Harvey ASEDA 802).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Arthur Capell
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarA few articles1
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)YiwaidjanMargicMargu
Dixon (2002)NORTH-WEST ARNHEM LAND SUBGROUP*Marrgu (=Terrutong, Yaako, Raffles Bay language, Croker Island language)Marrgu (=Terrutong, Yaako, Raffles Bay language, Croker Island language)
Wurm (1994)YiwaidjanMarguMargu
Walsh (1981)YiwaidjanMargicMargu
Oates (1975)YiwaidjanMargicMargu
Wurm (1972)IwaidjanIwaidjicMargicMargu
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)IwaidjanMargicMargu