N47: Amurdak

AIATSIS code: 
N47
AIATSIS reference name: 
Amurdak

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
Amurdak
Horton name
Amarak
Ethnologue name
Amarag
ISO 639-3 code
amg
Tindale name
Amarak
Thesaurus heading language
Amurdak language N47
Thesaurus heading (old)
Amurdak / Umorrdak / Amarak language (N47) (NT SC53-13)
Tindale (1974)
Amarag, Amuruk, Amurag, Amurrak, Ngamurak, Ngamurag, Nga:mu:rak, Umoriu, Umoreo (MS), ? Mono-bar.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
amar1271
Other sources
Amardak, Amurag, A'moordiyu (name used by their south-western neighbours, the Gaagudju), Umoriu, Wardadjbak (name used by their eastern neighbours, the Gunwinjgu), Woraidbug [Top End Handbook] Amoordiyu (the Gaagudju name for Amurdak), Woraidbug (RM & CH Berndt) [Mailhammer and Handelsmann 2009:1]
Synonyms
Amurdag, Wardadjbak, Amooridiyu, Amarag, Amarak, Amurrag, Amurag, Amurrak, Amurtak, Amuruk, Mamurug, Monobar, Namurug, Ngamrrak, Ngamurag, Ngamurak, Umoordak, Umoreo, Umoriu, Amardak, A'moordiyu, Woraidbug, Mono bar
Comment
Comments: 
Top End Handbook lists two dialects of Amurdak: Gidjurra N182, the southern dialect and Urrirrk N180, the western dialect. The following clans are said to have affiliations to Amurdak: Indiwi, Bunitj, Urlbu, Mirarr, Mundarn, Alarrju, Kamurlkbarn and Ijurra. (Mailhammer and Handelsmann 2009:1)
References: 
  • Handelsmann, Robert. 1991. Towards a description of Amurdak: a language of northern Australia, University of Melbourne: BA (Hons). (MS 3226).
  • Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Mailhammer, Robert, and Robert Handelsmann. 2009. Amurdak Inyman: six stories in Amurdak told by Bill Neidjie and Nelson Mulurinj. Darwin: Iwaidja Inyman/West Arnhem Shire Council.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
Location information: 
Traditionally spoken around Cooper Creek and Mount Borradaile, to the North and North-West of Oenpelli (Handelsmann 1991:1). There was little precise information on the limits of Amurdak country in 2007. The East Alligator River constituted one part of the southern limit. Amurdak affiliations extended to about 10km north of Oenpelli. Mt Borrodaile and Tor Rock were associated with Amurdak. The Cooper Creek drainage from about 20km upstream of Mt Borrodaile was associated with Amurdak. There was no precise information on the northern limits of Amurdak in 2007 (Harvey ASEDA 802). Eastern shores of Van Diemen Gulf, north of Murgenella Creek and about Cooper Creek; south toward East Alligator River (Tindale 1974). The country of the Amurdak-speaking people is located in northwestern Arnhem Land [...] on the eastern shore of Van Diemen Gulf, north of Murgenella Creek (Maburr) and around Cooper Creek (Malwayuda). (Mailhammer and Handelsmann 2009:1)
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Robert Handelsmann, Mark Harvey, Robert Mailhammer
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oatesfew
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate5
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Text Collection Small (20-100 pages) 2
Grammar Sketch grammar (less than 100 pages) 2
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Handelsmann, Robert. 1991. Towards a description of Amurdak: a language of Northern Australia, University of Melbourne: BA (Hons).

Dictionary: 
Handelsmann, Robert 1998. Amurdak dictionary, ASEDA 0770.
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Yiwaidjan Amaragic Amarag
Dixon (2002) NORTH-WEST ARNHEM LAND SUBGROUP* Amurdag (=Wardadjbak. A'mooridiyu) Amurdag (=Wardadjbak. A'mooridiyu) dialects: Urrirk, Didjurra
Wurm (1994) Yiwaidjan Amurag Amurag
Walsh (1981) Yiwaidjan Amuragic Amurag
Oates (1975) Yiwaidjan Amuragic Amurag
Wurm (1972) Iwaidjan Iwaidjic Amaragic Amarag
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Iwaidjan Amaragic Amarag