N47: Amurdak

AIATSIS Code: 
N47
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Amurdak

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
Amurdak
Horton Name
Amarak
Ethnologue name
Amarag
ISO 639-3 code
amg
Tindale name
Amarak
Thesaurus heading
Amurdak / Umorrdak / Amarak language (N47) (NT SC53-13)
Tindale (1974)
Amarag, Amuruk, Amurag, Amurrak, Ngamurak, Ngamurag, Nga:mu:rak, Umoriu, Umoreo (MS), ? Mono-bar.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
amar1271
Other sources
Amardak, Amurag, A’moordiyu (name used by their south-western neighbours, the Gaagudju), Umoriu, Wardadjbak (name used by their eastern neighbours, the Gunwinjgu), Woraidbug [Top End Handbook] Amoordiyu (the Gaagudju name for Amurdak), Woraidbug (RM & CH Berndt) [Mailhammer and Handelsmann 2009:1]
Synonyms
Amurdag
Wardadjbak
Amooridiyu
Amarag
Amarak
Amurrag
Amurag
Amurrak
Amurtak
Amuruk
Mamurug
Monobar
Namurug
Ngamrrak
Ngamurag
Ngamurak
Umoordak
Umoreo
Umoriu
Amardak
A’moordiyu
Woraidbug
Mono bar
Comment
Language comment
Top End Handbook lists two dialects of Amurdak: Gidjurra N182, the southern dialect and Urrirrk N180, the western dialect. The following clans are said to have affiliations to Amurdak: Indiwi, Bunitj, Urlbu, Mirarr, Mundarn, Alarrju, Kamurlkbarn and Ijurra. (Mailhammer and Handelsmann 2009:1)
References

Handelsmann, Robert. 1991. Towards a description of Amurdak: a language of northern Australia, University of Melbourne: BA (Hons). (MS 3226).
Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Mailhammer, Robert, and Robert Handelsmann. 2009. Amurdak Inyman: six stories in Amurdak told by Bill Neidjie and Nelson Mulurinj. Darwin: Iwaidja Inyman/West Arnhem Shire Council.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NT
Location information
Traditionally spoken around Cooper Creek and Mount Borradaile, to the North and North-West of Oenpelli (Handelsmann 1991:1). There was little precise information on the limits of Amurdak country in 2007. The East Alligator River constituted one part of the southern limit. Amurdak affiliations extended to about 10km north of Oenpelli. Mt Borrodaile and Tor Rock were associated with Amurdak. The Cooper Creek drainage from about 20km upstream of Mt Borrodaile was associated with Amurdak. There was no precise information on the northern limits of Amurdak in 2007 (Harvey ASEDA 802). Eastern shores of Van Diemen Gulf, north of Murgenella Creek and about Cooper Creek; south toward East Alligator River (Tindale 1974). The country of the Amurdak-speaking people is located in northwestern Arnhem Land […] on the eastern shore of Van Diemen Gulf, north of Murgenella Creek (Maburr) and around Cooper Creek (Malwayuda). (Mailhammer and Handelsmann 2009:1)
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
few - - - - - 5 -
Speaker NILS table
- - - -
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
11
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Text Collection Small (20-100 pages) 2
Grammar Sketch grammar (less than 100 pages) 2
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Handelsmann, Robert. 1991. Towards a description of Amurdak: a language of Northern Australia, University of Melbourne: BA (Hons).
Dictionary: 
Handelsmann, Robert 1998. Amurdak dictionary, ASEDA 0770.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Robert Handelsmann, Mark Harvey, Robert Mailhammer
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Yiwaidjan Amaragic   Amarag  
Dixon (2002)   NORTH-WEST ARNHEM LAND SUBGROUP*   Amurdag (=Wardadjbak. A'mooridiyu) Amurdag (=Wardadjbak. A'mooridiyu) dialects: Urrirk, Didjurra
Wurm (1994) Yiwaidjan Amurag   Amurag  
Walsh (1981) Yiwaidjan Amuragic   Amurag  
Oates (1975) Yiwaidjan Amuragic   Amurag  
Wurm (1972) Iwaidjan Iwaidjic Amaragic Amarag  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966) Iwaidjan Amaragic   Amarag