N69: Kunbarlang

AIATSIS code: 
N69
AIATSIS reference name: 
Kunbarlang

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Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
Kunbarlang language (Previously Warlang language)
ABS name
Kunbarlang
Horton name
Gunbalang
Ethnologue name
Kunbarlang
ISO 639-3 code
wlg
Tindale name
Gambalang
Tindale (1974)
Gunbalang, Gunbulan, Walang.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
kunb1251
Other sources
Gunbarlang, Gunba:lan, Gunba:lang, Gunbalong, Walang [Top End Handbook]
Synonyms
Gunbarlang, Gunbalang, Gambalanga, Walang, Gambalang, Geimbio, Gimbarlang, Gunba:lang, Gunbalag, Gunbalong, Gunbulan, Gurmadja madja, Warlang, Gunba:lan
Comment
Comments: 

Gunbarlang is a non-Pama Nyungan language of the Gunwinyguan language family. Coleman (1982) says there are different dialects of Gunbarlang (N69) but it is not clear how many. She lists Djimbilrri N168, Gurrigurri N174, Gumunggurdu N170, Marrabanggu N165, Marranumbu N166 and Gun.guluwala' N172 as Gunbarlang (N69) speaking peoples, and among them she recognises at least Djimbilirri, Gurrigurri and Gun.guluwala' as speaking different dialects, noting phonological and morphological differences between these varieties of Gunbarlang. Harris refers to three dialects 'associated with a geographical locality in the traditional country' (1969:1).

 

References: 
  • Coleman, Carolyn. Kunbarlang [electronic resource] (AILEC 0640).
  • Coleman, Carolyn. 1982. A grammar of Gunbarlang with special reference to grammatical relations, Australian National University: BA (Hons). (MS 1755).
  • Harris, Joy. 1969. Preliminary grammar of Gunbalang. Canberra : Pacific Linguistics A17. p. 1-49.
  • Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
Location information: 

The country in which Gunbarlang is traditionally spoken extends westwards along the coast from the mouth of the Liverpool River (across the estuary from Marningrida Settement) to the mouth of the Goomadeer River (Coleman 1982: Introduction). The general associations were to the coast from the western side of the Liverpool River estuary to Iliwan Swamp and inland for about 20km (Harvey AILEC 0802).

 

Maps: 
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Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Carolyn Coleman, Joy Harris, Maningrida Literature Production Centre
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oatesexist
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt100
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census19
2011Census20
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection Medium (100-200 pages) 3
Grammar Large grammar (more than 200 pages) 4
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Coleman, Carolyn. 1982. A grammar of Gunbarlang with special reference to grammatical relations, Australian National University: BA (Hons.)

Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Gunwingguan Gunwinggic   Kunbarlang  
Dixon (2002)   ARNHEM LAND GROUP Gunwinjgu-Gunbarlang group Gunbarlang Gunbarlang Coleman (1982) dialects: Djimbilirri, Gurrigurri, Gumunggurdu, Marrabanggu, Marranumbu, Gunguluwala
Wurm (1994) Gunwinyguan Gunwinygic   Warlang  
Walsh (1981) Gunwinyguan Gunwinygic   Warlang  
Oates (1975) Gunwingguan Gunwinjgic Bininj Gunbalang  
Wurm (1972) Gunwingguan Gunwinggic   Gunbalang  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Gunwingguan Gunwinggic Girdimarg Gunbalang