N77: Ngalakgan

AIATSIS code: 
N77
AIATSIS reference name: 
Ngalakgan

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
Ngalakgan
Horton name
Ngalakan
Ethnologue name
Ngalakan
ISO 639-3 code
nig
Tindale name
Ngalakan
Thesaurus heading language
Ngalakgan language N77
Thesaurus heading (old)
Ngalakan language (N77) (NT SE53-02)
Tindale (1974)
Ngalagan, Nalakan, Nalagen, Nala-nalagen, Ngalar-kan, Nullakun, Nullikan, Nullikin, Ngulkpun, Nullakum (misprint), Hongalla.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Ngalagan, Nullakun, Nullikan, Nullikin, Ngalbon, Hongalla
Glottocode
ngal1293
Other sources
Ngalakan, Nallakum, Nalagen, Nullakun [Top End Handbook] Ngalakgan (The community-approved orthography) [Alpher p.c. 2006]
Synonyms
Ngalakan, Hongalla/Hongalla, Nala nalagen, Nalagen, Nalakan, Ngalagan, Ngalagkan, Ngalarkan, Ngulkpun, Nullakum, Nullakun, Nullikan, Nullikin, Ngalbon, Hongalla, Nallakum, Ngalar kan
Comment
Comments: 
Ngalkgan (N77) is a non-Pama Nyungan language of the Northern Territory, and is most closely related to Rembarrnga N73 within the Gunwinyguan genetic group; both languages are quite closely related to the Bininj Gun-wok N186 dialect chain (2008:3). Children have not acquired Ngalakgan fully since the 1930s; Baker collaborated with the last three speakers (Baker, 2008:5).
References: 
  • Baker, Brett. 2008. Word structure in Ngalakgan. Stanford: CSLI Publications.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
Location information: 
Bulman, Roper Valley Station, and Ngukurr (Merlan 1983: v). North of the Roper River from the Wilton to Mainoru (Top End Handbook). The general associations were to the Wilton River south from Mt Catt, to lower Flying Fox Creek, lower Maiwok Creek, and the section of the Roper between Maiwok Creek and the Wilton River. There was little precise information on the limits of Ngalakgan in 2007. In the south-west, Urapunga and Roper Bar were associated with Ngalakgan. Ngukurr was associated with Yukul. In the north, Mt Catt was associated with Ngalakgan. Bulman was associated with Dalabon (Harvey ASEDA 802). Roper River region of the Northern Territory (Baker 2008:2).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Brett Baker, Francesca Merlan, Lamont West
Indigenous organisations: 

Ngukurr Language Centre https://ngukurrlc.org.au/

Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates>20
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt20
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILSfew
2005Estimate5
2006Census3
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection Small (20-100 pages) 2
Grammar Large grammar (more than 200 pages) 4
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Baker, Brett. 2008. Word structure in Ngalakgan. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press (revised PhD thesis).

Baker, Brett. 1999. Word structure in Ngalakgan, University of Sydney (PhD). ASEDA 0704.

Merlan, Francesca. 1983. Ngalakan grammar, texts and vocabulary: Pacific Linguistics B89. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Dictionary: 
Merlan, Francesca. 1982. Ngalakan dictionary, ms. Merlan, Francesca. Ngalakan Dictionary, ASEDA 0627.
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Gunwingguan Rembargic Ngalakan Ngalakan [dialects: Related to Ngalkbun and Rembarranga]
Dixon (2002) ARNHEM LAND GROUP Rembarrnga/Ngalakan subgroup* Ngalakan Ngalakan Merlan (1983)
Wurm (1994) Gunwinyguan Ngalakan Ngalakan
Walsh (1981) Gunwinyguan Ngalakanic Ngalakan
Oates (1975) Gunwingguan Ngalaganic Ngalagan
Wurm (1972) Gunwingguan Ngalaganic Ngalagan
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Gunwingguan Buanic Bigur Ngalakan