N80: Nakkara

AIATSIS Code: 
N80
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Nakkara

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Nakkara language
ABS Name
Na-kara
Horton Name
Nakara
Ethnologue name
Nakara
ISO 639-3 code
nck
Tindale name
Nakara
Thesaurus heading
Nakkara / Nagara language (N80) (NT SD53-02)
Tindale (1974)
Naka:ra, Naga:ra, Nagara, Ngara.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Nagara
Glottocode
naka1260
Other sources
Gukari(ya) (used by Burarra people to refer to Nakkara people and their language) [Eather 1990:4] Nakara, Nagara [Top End Handbook]
Synonyms
Na kara
Gukariya
Nakara
Nagara
Kokori
Kukkori
Nackara
Naga:ra
Naka:ra
Narkarrar
Ngara
Gukari
Comment
Language comment
Nakkara (N80) is a non-Pama-Nyungan language which, due to shared structural features, has more in common with Ndjébbana N74 than with other languages in the region. The language name incorporates the demonstrative ‘kara, this-here’ meaning ‘this way’ or ‘with, using this one’; Eather classifies these two languages as members of the Gunwiynguan family (2011:1-3). Based on a comparison of verb tense/status suffixes, Green classifies Nakkara (N80), Burarra N82, Gurr-goni N75 and Ndjebbana N74 as a ‘Maningrida subgroup’ of the larger Gunwinjguan language family, (Capell, Voegelin & Voegelin in Green, 1995:4-5). Dixon places Nakkara and Ndjebbana N74 in the Maningrida sub-group of the higher level Arnhem Land Group (2002:xl). See also Gurr-goni N75 and Burarra N82.
References

Dixon, R. M. W. 2002. Australian languages: their nature and development: Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Eather, Bronwyn. 1990. A grammar of Nakkara (Central Arnhem Land Coast). MFE 191.
Eather, Bronwyn. 2011. A grammar of Nakkara (Central Arnhem Land Coast). Outstanding grammars from Australia. Muenchen :Lincom Europa.
Green, Rebecca. 1995. A grammar of Gurr-goni (north central Arnhem Land). Australian National University, PhD thesis.https://digitalcollections.anu.edu.au/handle/1885/9278?mode=full
Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. (ASEDA 802).

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NT
Location information
The traditional tribal area of the Nakkara is a shallow coastal pocket in the Boucat Bay area extending from near the mouth of Garddjarrama (Gudjarama) Creek along the coast, east of Namayerra (Anameyerra) Creek to the mouth of the Blyth River, and inland about sixteen kilometres. The majority of Nakkara people now live in the government settlement of Maningrida (Eather 1990:4). The general associations were a shallow coastal pocket on Boucat Bay extending about 16km inland from Anamayirra Creek west to Garddjarrama Creek (Harvey ASEDA 802).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
- - 75 - 100 - - - 50 51
Speaker NILS table
- - - -
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
11
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Medium (100-200 pages) 3
Text Collection Small (20-100 pages) 2
Grammar Large grammar (more than 200 pages) 4
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Eather, Bronwyn. 1990. A grammar of Nakkara (Central Arnhem Land coast, Australian National University: PhD. Eather, Bronwyn. 2005. A learner's guide to the Na-Kara language. Winnellie, NT: Bawinanga Aboriginal Corporation. Eather, Bronwyn. 2011. A grammar of Nakkara (Central Arnhem Land coast). Outstanding grammars from Australia. Muenchen: Lincom Europa.
Dictionary: 
Eather, Bronwyn. 2005. A first dictionary of Na-Kara. Winnellie, NT: Bawinanga Aboriginal Corporation.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Bronwyn Eather,
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Gunwingguan Burarran   Nakara  
Dixon (2002)   ARNHEM LAND GROUP Maningrida subgroup* Nakkara (or Gukariya) Nakkara (or Gukariya) Eather (1990)
Wurm (1994) Nakkara     Nakarra  
Walsh (1981) Nakkaran     Nakkara  
Oates (1975) Nagaran     Nagara  
Wurm (1972) Nagaran     Nagara (or Kokori)  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966) Nagaran     Nakara