N82: Burarra

AIATSIS Code: 
N82
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Burarra

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Burarra language
ABS Name
Burarra
Horton Name
Burarra
Ethnologue name
Burarra
ISO 639-3 code
bvr
Tindale name
Barara
Thesaurus heading
Burarra language (N82) (NT SD53-02)
Tindale (1974)
Barera, Baurera, Burera (pronunciation of easterners), Burara, Barea (typographical error), Burada (a form heard by N. Peterson), Burarra, Gidjingali (general term applied especially to eastern members speaking Barara).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Burera, Bawera, Jikai, Tchikai
Glottocode
bura1267
Other sources
Burarra, Burera, Burada, Gidjingali, Anbara [Top End Handbook]
Synonyms
Anbarra
Gadjalivia
Gidjingali
Bara
Barada
Barara
Barea
Barera
Baurera
Bawera
Birarra
Burada
Burara
Burera
Gidjingale
Gudjalayia
Gurmadja madja
Jikai
Ku jarlapiyi
Tchikai
Tha ra ra burra
Thar ar ra burra
Toolginburra
Anbara
Comment
Language comment
Burarra (N82) is the language of the Burarra and Gun-nartpa N81 people from the Blyth and Cadell River regions and Maningrida in North-Central Arnhem land. The Burarra language consists of three dialects: An-barra people speak Gun-narta N191; Martay people speak Gun-narda N190 and Mu-golarra people (also called Mukarli) speak Gun-nartpa N81 (Glasgow & Glasgow, 2011). Gun-narta N191 and Gun-narda call their dialects Gu-jingarliya (Glasgow, 1994:7). Glasgow describes Gurrgoni or Gun-gurrgoni (N75) as a dialect of the Burarra N82 language family (1994:7). An-barra and Martey peoples refer to their dialects (Gun-narta N191 and Gun-narda N190) as Gu-jingarliya and Mu-golarra aka Mukarli people refer to theirs (Gun-nartpa N81) as Gu-jarlabiya. An-barra and Martay people were called Burarra by their eastern neighbours; all three dialect groups share close cultural and social interaction (Glasgow, 1994:7). Based on a comparison of verb tense/status suffixes, Green classifies Burarra N82, Gurr-goni N75, Ndjebbana N74 and Nakkara N80 as a ‘Maningrida subgroup’ of the larger Gunwinjguan language family, a refinement of the earlier classification of Gurr-goni as a member of the 'Bureran' family (Capell, Voegelin & Voegelin in Green, 1995:4-5). Oates (1975:18) equates Burera (N82) with Burarra N135, and she subsumes Bureda N135 under Burera (N82). They are however separate.
References

Glasgow, Kathleen and David Glasgow, 2011. Burarra-English Interactive Dictionary.
<http://ausil org/Dictionary/Burarra/lexicon/mainintro.htm>
Glasgow, Kathleen. 1994. Burarra-Gun-nartpa dictionary with English finder list. Darwin: Summer Institute of Linguistics.
Green, Rebecca. 1995. A grammar of Gurr-goni (north central Arnhem Land). Australian National University, PhD thesis.https://digitalcollections.anu.edu.au/handle/1885/9278?mode=full
Green, Rebecca. 1987. A sketch grammar of Burarra, Australian National University: BA (Hons). (MS 3615).
Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NT
Location information
Blyth River region (Glasgow 1994 Burarra-Gun-nartpa dictionary). Burarra people's country is in Central Arnhem Land, along the Blyth and Cadell Rivers and the coastal and inland areas around between them. Many people now live to the west of this, at Maningrida, a settlement on the mouth of the Liverpool River (Green 1987:1). The general associations were to the coast from east Anamayirra Creek to Cape Stewart and inland at least to the junction of the Cadell and the Blyth (Harvey ASEDA 802).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
- 400 - 600 400 - 600 702 780 - 800 1074
Speaker NILS table
- - - -
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
13
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Text Collection Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Grammar Sketch grammar (less than 100 pages) 2
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Green, Rebecca. 1987. A sketch grammar of Burarra, Australian National University: BA (Hons).
Dictionary: 
Glasgow, Kathy. 1994. Burarra-Gun-nartpa dictionary: with English finder list. Darwin:SIL.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
David Glasgow, Kathy Glasgow, Rebecca Green, Maningrida Literature Production Centre
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Gunwingguan Burarran   Burarra Burarra [dialects: Gunardba (Gun-nartpa) is a related language which may be extinct, or may be an alternate name.]
Dixon (2002)   ARNHEM LAND GROUP Maningrida subgroup* Burarra Burarra R. Green (1987) dialects: Gun-narda, Gun-narta (collectively also known as Gidjingali(ya) or Anbarra), Gun-nartpa. (also known as Gudjarlabiya)
Wurm (1994) Burarran Burarric   Burarra  
Walsh (1981) Burarran Burarric   Burarra  
Oates (1975) Bureran Bureric   Burada  
Wurm (1972) Bureran Bureric   Burera  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966) Bureran Bureric   Barera