N90: Ngandi

AIATSIS Code: 
N90
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Ngandi

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Ngandi language
ABS Name
Ngandi
Horton Name
Ngandi
Ethnologue name
Ngandi
ISO 639-3 code
nid
Tindale name
Ngandi
Thesaurus heading
Ngandi language (N90) (NT SD53-06)
Tindale (1974)
N'gundi, Ngalbon, Ngalgbun, Nandi.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
ngan1295
Other sources
Synonyms
Ngundi
Nagandi
Nagandji
Nanda
Nandi
Ngalbon
Ngalgbun
Comment
Language comment
Ngandi is a non-Pama Nyungan language spoken in eastern Arnhem Land, Northern Territory. Ngandi is classified belonging to the Gunwiynguan language family (Harvey, 2003:205). Heath (in van Egmond, 2012:3) says that Anindilyakwa N151, Nunggubuyu N128 and Ngandi (N90) share a common ancestor. Van Egmond concurs with Heath, concluding that Enindhilyakwa N151 is genetically related to Wubuy N128 and Ngandi (N90) and is thus a member of the Gunwiynguan family (2012:315). Baker's assessment of the complex non-past inflections in Ngandi (N90) and Nunggubuyu N128, and their closest cognates being found in Maningrida languages, suggests that their relationship with Gunwiynguan remains uncertain (2004:340).
References

Baker, Brett. 2004. Stem forms and paradigm reshaping in Gunwiynguan. In Australian languages : classification and the comparative method / edited by Claire Bowern, Harold Koch. Amsterdam ; Philadelphia : John Benjamins Pub. pp. 313-340.
Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
Harvey, Mark. 2003. An initial reconstruction of Proto Gunwiynguan phonology. In Nicholas Evans (editor) The Non-Pama-Nyungan languages of Northern Australia. Pacific Linguistics, Australian National University : Canberra ACT. pp 205-268.
Heath, Jeffrey. 1974. Ngandi grammar, texts and dictionary. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
van Egmond, Marie-Elaine, 2012. Enindhilyakwa phonology, morphosyntax and genetic position. MS 4966.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NT
Location information
... the core Ngandi area was along Rose River and fair distance from the coast and going north from there (Heath 1974:3). Around Rose River and northwards (Top End Handbook). Upper Wilton River; Mainoru River; east to near sources of the Rose River (Tindale 1974). There was no precise information on the limits of Ngandi associations in 2007. The general associations were to the Rose River and Phelps River drainages, other than the coast and 10-20km inland which were associated with Warndarrang. Wonmurri Waterhole was associated with Warndarrang (Harvey ASEDA 802).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
--3-
NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
11
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listSmall (20-100 pages)2
Text CollectionMedium (100-200 pages)3
GrammarSmall grammar (100-200 pages)3
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Heath, Jeffrey. 1974. Ngandi grammar, texts, and dictionary. Canberra: AIAS.
Dictionary: 
Heath, Jeffrey. 1974. Ngandi grammar, texts, and dictionary. Canberra: AIAS.
Programs
Activities: 
Ngukurr Community Education Centre is running a language program (2006).
People: 
Ngukurr Language Centre, Ngukurr Community Education Centre
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)GunwingguanEnindhilyagwaNgandi
Dixon (2002)ARNHEM LAND GROUPFar east Arnhem Land groupNgandiNgandi Heath (1978b)
Wurm (1994)GunwinyguanNganciNgandi
Walsh (1981)GunwinyguanNgandicNgandi
Oates (1975)GunwingguanNgandicNgandi
Wurm (1972)GunwingguanNgandicNgandi
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)GunwingguanNgandicNgandi