N92: Alawa

 How to use this field
AIATSIS Code: 
N92
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Alawa

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Alawa language
ABS Name
Alawa
Horton Name
Alawa
Ethnologue name
Alawa
ISO 639-3 code
alh
Tindale name
Alawa
Thesaurus heading language
Alawa language N92
Thesaurus heading (old)
Alawa language (N92) (NT SD53-10)
Tindale (1974)
Alaua, Allawa, Allaua, Allua, Allowa, Alowa, Leealowa, Kallaua, Allowiri, Allaura, Galleewo, ? Woo-looami.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Allawa, Allua, Allowa, Alowa, Leealowa, Kallana, Allowiri, Allaura
Glottocode
alaw1244
Other sources
Alawa, Allawa,Galawa, Warliburru [Top End Handbook] Alowa (Power), Alowa (Spencer and Gillen 1904) [Basedow 1907]
Synonyms
Galawa
Warliburru
Wilingura
Ngewin
Alawa; Alaua
Allaua
Allaura
Allawa
Allowa
Allowiri
Allua
Alowa
Galleewo
Kallaua
Leealowa
Woolooami
Kallana
Walkonda
Walooka
Alaua
Galleewa
Woo looami
Comment
Language comment
References

Baker, Brett. New Top End Handbook (FileMaker database). (ASEDA 0626).
Basedow, Herbert. 1907. Anthropological notes on the western coastal tribes of the Northern Territory of South Australia. Royal Society of South Australia -- Transactions 31:1-62.
Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
Merlan, Francesca. 2003. The genetic position of Mangarrayi: evidence from nominal prefixation. In The Non-Pama Nyungan languages of Northern Australia, ed Nicholas Evans, 353-367. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Sharpe, Margaret. 1972. Alawa phonology and grammar: Australian Aboriginal Studies 37, Linguistic Series 15. Canberra: AIAS.
Sharpe, Margaret. 2008. Alawa and its neighbours: enigma variations 1 and 2. In Morphology and language history, eds Claire Bowern, Bethwyn Evans and Luisa Miceli, 59-69. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NT
Location information
Hodgson Downs, Nutwood Downs, Tanumbirini stations, south of the Roper River and the east of the Stuart Highway (Sharpe 1972/Top End Handbook). west of the Binbinga, in the Limmen River district (Basedow 1907:3). Southern tributaries of Roper River upstream from the mouth of the Hodgson River west to Roper valley; south to Mason Bluff (Mount Mueller) and Hodgson Downs; east to the headwaters of Mountain Creek where in the year 1922 they had a refuge cave with buried stores of water lily seeds, examined by this author (Tindale 1974). The general territorial associations were to the Hodgson River drainage, the upper Towns River drainage, and the Cox River drainage. The Cox River was associated with Alawa until the point where it turns to flow east-west close to the junction with the Limmen Bight River. The east-west running reach of the Cox was associated with Marra. The headwaters fo the Arnold River appear to have been associated with Ngarnka. The following places were associated with Alawa: Cox River homestead, Nutwood Downs homestead, Hodgson River homestead, Minyerri, Old St Vidgeon homestead (on Mountain Creek). There was no precise information in 2007 as to whether Old Tanumbirini homestead was associated with Alawa or Ngarnka (Harvey ASEDA 802).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Margaret Sharpe, Greg Dickson
Indigenous organisations: 

Ngukurr Language Centre https://ngukurrlc.org.au/

Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
30-100 - 30 - - 22 22 12
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
0 1 2 6
NILS endangerment grade
1
Documentation
Document Score: 
14
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Text Collection Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Grammar Small grammar (100-200 pages) 3
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Sharpe, Margaret. 1972. Alawa phonology and grammar. Canberra: AIAS.
Dictionary: 
Sharpe, Margaret. 2001. Alawa Nanggaya Nindanya Yalanu rugalarra = Alawa-Kriol-English dictionary. Prospect, SA: Caitlin Press.
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Gunwingguan Maran Alawic Alawa  
Dixon (2002)   ARNHEM LAND GROUP   Alawa (= Galawa, Warliburru) Alawa (= Galawa, Warliburru) Sharpe (1972)
Wurm (1994) Maran Mara   Alawa  
Walsh (1981) Maran Alawic   Alawa  
Oates (1975) Maran Alawic   Alawa  
Wurm (1972) Maran Alawic   Alawa  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966) Maran Alawic   Alawa