P2: Torres Strait Creole

AIATSIS Code: 
P2
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Torres Strait Creole

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
Torres Strait Creole
Horton Name
-
Ethnologue name
Torres Strait Creole
ISO 639-3 code
tcs
Tindale name
-
Thesaurus heading
-
Tindale (1974)
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
torr1261
Other sources
Yumblatok (Ober) [ILDB]
Synonyms
Yumplatok
Yumblatok
Comment
Language comment
Torres Strait Creole is the most widely spoken Indigenous language in Queensland, used by over thirty thousand people as a first, second or third language. It is a direct descendant of Pacific Pidgin English, the lingua franca of the Pacific from the turn of the 19th century when it arrived in the Torres Strait. It became the first language of a generation of children and thus expanded its functions beyond a contact language (the pidgin) and became Torres Strait Creole. Due to its provenance it is related to Tok Pisin in New Guinea, Bislama in Vanuatu and Solomon Islands Pijin. Torres Strait Creole has been spoken by six generations and is one of the three Indigenous languages of the Torres Strait, along with Kala Yagaw Ya Y1 / Kalaw Kawaw Ya Y2 and eastern Meriam Mir Y3, although it has less status than those traditional languages (Shnukal, 2004:7). This language is also known by the names Broken (P2) and Yumpla Tok (P2).
References

Shnukal, Anna. 2004. A dictionary of Torres Strait Creole. Kuranda Qld : The Rams Skull Press
<http://www.tsra.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0006/9771/Media-Release-70...

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
QLD
TSI
Location information
... the first language of most of the younger Aboriginal and Islander people [in] the Cape York communities of Bamaga, Seisa, Umagico (Alau), Injinoo (Cowal Creek) and Mandingu (New Mapoon) (Shnukal, 2004:7).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
8888
NILS endangerment grade
5
Documentation
Document Score: 
5
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listSmall (20-100 pages)2
Text Collection
Grammar
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript Note: 
Grammar: 
Dictionary: 
Shnukal, Anna. 1994. Torres Strait Creole. In Macquarie Aboriginal words: a dictionary of words from Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages, eds. N Thieberger and W McGregor, 374-398. North Ryde: Macquarie Library.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification