S31.1: Dja Dja Wurrung

AIATSIS code: 
S31.1
AIATSIS reference name: 
Dja Dja Wurrung

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
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Horton name
Djadjawurung
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Jaara
Thesaurus heading language
Dja Dja Wurrung language S31.1
Thesaurus heading (old)
Djadja wurrung / Dyadyawurung / Dja Dja Wrung language (S31.1) (Vic SJ54-04)
Tindale (1974)
Lewurru (language name ['Ie:] = no, ['wur:u] = lip or speech), Yaura, Yarrayowurro, Yayaurung, Jajaorong (['jajae] = ['jeje] = yes), Jajaurung, Jajowurrong, Jajo-wurong, Jajowrong, Jarjoworong, Jajowerang, Jajowrung, Jajow(e)rong, Jajoworrong, Tjedjuwuru, Tyeddyuwurru, Jarrung Jarrung, Ja-jow-er-ong, Djadjawuru, Djadjawurung, Djendjuwuru, Tarrang, Tarra, Jurobaluk, Yabola, Monul-gundeech (lit. 'men of the dust'), Monulgundeedh, Pilawin (horde in Pyrennes), Yang (place name = Avoca), Lunying-birrwurrkgooditch.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Yaara, Yaura, Yayauring, Jajaurung, Jajowurrong, Jajowrung, Jajowerong, Jajowrong, Jajoworrong, Jajowerong, Djadjawurung, Jurobaluk, Nirabaluk, Nirababaluk, Panyod, Knenknenwurro,
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Djadja wurrung, Jaja wurrung,Jajawong, Jajowrong, Jargow er ong, Dadowong, Jar-gow-wer-rong, Dardowrong, Dar-dow.wer ong, Tatowrong, Tattowrong, Tellouurong, Jujourong (mistranscription), Jargowerang (mistranscription), Dardowerong, Dar.dower.ong (mistranscription), Dar.dow.wer.ong, Dardowerang, Jajowerong, Jarjoworong, Jajawerong, Jarjourong, Jajororung, Tar.tow.wer.rong and not Jargowerong, Jargowrong, Jajourong, Jarjowrong, Jajaorog, Ja-jow-er-ong, Jajowurrong, Loddon tribe, Loddon blacks, Jim Crow tribe, Jajauwurung, Jajaiowrung, Jajawurung, Lowurrong (=no in Jajowrong dialect), Jajauwurong, Jajiwrong, Jajowurung, Jajawrung, Jajaurong, Ja-jau-wurung, Jajowurrong, Jajawrong, Ja-jau-rong, Jajauworung, Jajau worung, Ja-jow wurong, Jajauwong, Jajauwrong, Jajowerong, Jajaurung, Ja-jau-rung, Jajawerung, Ja-jau, Jajow wurung, Jajowong, Jajawurung, Jajawrung, Lewurru ('Le'=no, 'wurru' = lip), Tyeddyawurru, Tyeddyuwurru (no - Lewurru, wrongly considered a var/alt of Potaruwutj by Tindale 1974), Tyeddywurru, Tyeddyuwurung, Lewurung, Djudjawurung, Ya-ya-dyalli, Ya-ya-tyalli, Jajaurung, Yajaurung, Jajowerang, Jajau-rung, Djadjawurung, Jajow(e)rong, Jajoworrong, Jajauwrong, Jajauwrung, Jaara, Yaura, Yayaurung, Jajowrung, Jara, Jajoweroung, Ja-Jowerong, Djadjawurru, Djadjuwurru, Djadjuwuru, Djadjawuru, Djedawuru, Lewuru, Yeyowong, Yeyawong, Jajowerong, Djadja:wurung, Jajawurong, Jajaworung, Jarawurung, Jaara (Lewurru), Yarrayowurro, Jajaorong, Jajowurong, Tjedjuwuru, Djendjuwuru, Jaja wurrung, Jajaweroung, Jaara equates with Jajawurong, Yarra yowurro dialect (Jajowrong), Jajoeroung, Jaara (Lewuru), Jajaworrung, Jaja wurrong, Jajowurron, Jayawurron, Dja Dja Wrung, Da-dow-rong, Djadjawurung [Clark 1990:151] Djadjawurrung [Clark 2005, VACL] Dja Dja Wurrung [VACL map]
Synonyms
Jaja wurrung, Djadjawurung, Le Wurung, Jaara, Yaara, Yaura, Yayauring, Jajaurung, Jajowurrong, Jajowrung, Jajowerong, Jajowrong, Jajoworrong, Jurobaluk, Nirabaluk, Nirababaluk, Panyod, Knenknenwurro, Djadja wurrung, Jajawong, Jargow er ong, Dadowong, Jar gow wer rong, Dardowrong, Dar dow, wer ong, Tatowrong, Tattowrong, Tellouurong, Jujourong, Jargowerang, Dardowerong, Dar, dower, ong, dow, wer, Dardowerang, Jarjoworong, Jajawerong, Jarjourong, Jajororung, Tar, tow, rong, not Jargowerong, Jargowrong, Jajourong, Jarjowrong, Jajaorog, Ja jow er ong, Loddon tribe, Loddon blacks, Jim Crow tribe, Jajauwurung, Jajaiowrung, Jajawurung, Lowurrong, Jajauwurong, Jajiwrong, Jajowurung, Jajawrung, Jajaurong, Ja jau wurung, Jajawrong, Ja jau rong, Jajauworung, Jajau worung, Ja jow wurong, Jajauwong, Jajauwrong, Ja jau rung, Jajawerung, Ja jau, Jajow wurung, Jajowong, Lewurru, Tyeddyawurru, Tyeddyuwurru, Tyeddywurru, Tyeddyuwurung, Lewurung, Djudjawurung, Ya ya dyalli, Ya ya tyalli, Yajaurung, Jajowerang, Jajau rung, Jajauwrung, Yayaurung, Jara, Jajoweroung, Ja Jowerong, Djadjawurru, Djadjuwurru, Djadjuwuru, Djadjawuru, Djedawuru, Lewuru, Yeyowong, Yeyawong, Djadja:wurung, Jajawurong, Jajaworung, Jarawurung, Yarrayowurro, Jajaorong, Jajowurong, Tjedjuwuru, Djendjuwuru, Jajaweroung, Jaara equates with Jajawurong, Yarra yowurro dialect, Jajoeroung, Jajaworrung, Jaja wurrong, Jajowurron, Jayawurron, Dja Dja Wrung, Da dow rong, Jajo wurong, Jarrung Jarrung, Tarrang, Tarra, Yabola, Monul gundeech, Monulgundeedh, Pilawin, Yang, Lunying birrwurrkgooditch
Comment
Comments: 
Clark (1990) lists Lewurung S32 as a variant of Djadja wurrung (S31.1). Grammatical notes (of Lewurru) by Mathews (1903) are probably on Dja Dja Wurrung, though note that Mathews (1903:248) contrasts 'Lewurru' with 'Tyeddyuwurru' (Dja Dja Wurrung?), saying they are 'sister tongues'. A brief comparison of a few word list items from each suggests that the two are the same. The location descriptions of each overlap, though the location of Lewurrung is much smaller, completely contained within that of Dja Dja Wurrung. Tully (1997:14) mentions Dja Dja Wurrung country being divided amongst fourteen clans, each speaking a slightly different version of Dja Dja Wurrung. St Arnaud (the location reported for Lewurung) corresponds to Tully's Wongarrergerrar Gundidj clan.
References: 
  • Clark, Ian. 1990. Aboriginal languages and clans: an historical atlas of western and central Victoria, 1800-1900: Monash Publications in Geography, 37. Melbourne: Department of Geographical and Environmental Science, Monash University.
  • Mathews, R.H. 1903. Notes on some native dialects of Victoria. Royal Society of New South Wales Journal and Proceedings,
  • vol. 37, pp. 243-253. (RS 50/2; Rp MAT)
  • Tully, John. 1997. Djadja Wurrung language of central Victoria, including place names. Dunolly, VIC: the author. (B T923.50/D1)
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
VIC
Location information: 
from the northern slopes of the Great Dividing Range near Kyneton to Amphitheatre; from Kyneton northeast to the Alexandrine Range and the Loddon River near Boort; from Boort northwest to Lake Buloke; and from Lake Buloke southwest along the Richardson River to Wallaloo Creek, then to Navarre Hill and back to the Pyrenee Range at Amphitheatre (Clark 1990:151). The territory that the Djadja Wurrung had control of included the bulk of the Pyrenees Ranges and the watersheds of the Loddon, Avoca and Avon rivers. In loose terms, this covers the present towns of Castlemaine, Daylesford, Creswick, Clunes, Lexton, Avoca, Navarre, St Arnaud, Donald, Wedderburn, Boort and perhaps Bendigo, Charlton and Kyneton (Tully 1997:1).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarA few articles1
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
Tully, John. 1997. Djadja Wurrung language of Central Victoria : including place names. Dunolly, VIC: John Tully
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)WEST VICTORIAN AREAL GROUPKulin subgroup*Jaja-wurrungWemba-Wemba Hercus (1986) further dialects: Baraba-Baraba, Madhi-Madhi, Wadi-Wadi, Ladji-Ladji, Nari-Nari, Wergaya, Djadjala, Wutjabulak, Martijali, Buibatyalli, Nundatyalli, Jab-wurrung, Pirt-Koopen-Noot, Jaja-wurrung
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)Pama-NynganKulinicKulinYaaraWemba Wemba [dialects: Wemba Wemba, Watiwati, Baraparapa, Wotjobaluk (Wergaia), Warkawarka, Latjilatji, Yariyari, Yaadwa, Yaara, Yugapulk]
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganKulinicKulinDjadjawurung
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganKulinicKulinJajawurung (Djadjawurung, Jaara)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganKulinicKulinJaara