S32: Lewurung

AIATSIS code: 
S32
AIATSIS reference name: 
Lewurung

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Jaara (Lewurru)
Thesaurus heading language
Lewurung language S32
Thesaurus heading (old)
Lewurung language (S32) (Vic SJ55-01)
Tindale (1974)
Lewurru (language name ['Ie:] = no, ['wur:u] = lip or speech), Yaura, Yarrayowurro, Yayaurung, Jajaorong (['jajae] = ['jeje] = yes), Jajaurung, Jajowurrong, Jajo-wurong, Jajowrong, Jarjoworong, Jajowerang, Jajowrung, Jajow(e)rong, Jajoworrong, Tjedjuwuru, Tyeddyuwurru, Jarrung Jarrung, Ja-jow-er-ong, Djadjawuru, Djadjawurung, Djendjuwuru, Tarrang, Tarra, Jurobaluk, Yabola, Monul-gundeech (lit. 'men of the dust'), Monulgundeedh, Pilawin (horde in Pyrennes), Yang (place name = Avoca), Lunying-birrwurrkgooditch.
O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Lewuru, Jaara, Lewurru, Yaura, Yarrayowurro, Yayaurung, Jajaorong, Jajaurung, Jajowurrong, Jajo wurong, Jajowrong, Jarjoworong, Jajowerang, Jajowrung, Jajoworrong, Tjedjuwuru, Tyeddyuwurru, Jarrung Jarrung, Ja jow er ong, Djadjawuru, Djadjawurung, Djendjuwuru, Tarrang, Tarra, Jurobaluk, Yabola, Monul gundeech, Monulgundeedh, Pilawin, Yang, Lunying birrwurrkgooditch
Comment
Comments: 
Clark (1990) lists Lewurung as a variant of Djadja wurrung S31.1. Grammatical notes (of Lewurru) by Mathews (1903) are probably on Dja Dja Wurrung S31.1, though note that Mathews (1903:248) contrasts 'Lewurru' with 'Tyeddyuwurru' (Dja Dja Wurrung?), saying they are 'sister tongues'. A brief comparison of a few word list items from each suggests that the two are the same. The location descriptions of each overlap, though the location of Lewurrung is much smaller, completely contained within that of Dja Dja Wurrung. Tully (1997:14) mentions Dja Dja Wurrung country being divided amongst fourteen clans, each speaking a slightly different version of Dja Dja Wurrung. St Arnaud (the location reported for Lewurung) corresponds to Tully's Wongarrergerrar Gundidj clan.
References: 
  • Clark, Ian. 1990. Aboriginal languages and clans: an historical atlas of western and central Victoria, 1800-1900: Monash Publications in Geography, 37. Melbourne: Department of Geographical and Environmental Science, Monash University.
  • Mathews, R.H. 1903. Notes on some native dialects of Victoria. Royal Society of New South Wales Journal and Proceedings,
  • vol. 37, pp. 243-253. (RS 50/2; Rp MAT)
  • Tully, John. 1997. Djadja Wurrung language of central Victoria, including place names. Dunolly, VIC: the author. (B T923.50/D1)
  • Oates, William J. & Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
Status: 
Unconfirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
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Location information: 
Vicinity of St. Arnaud, VIC (Oates & Oates 1970:142).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarA few articles1
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)UnclassifiedLewurung
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)