S46: Ngarigu / Ngarigo

AIATSIS code: 
S46
AIATSIS reference name: 
Ngarigu / Ngarigo

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Ngarigo
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Ngarigo
Thesaurus heading language
Ngarigu / Ngarigo language S46
Thesaurus heading (old)
Ngarigo / Ngarigu language (S46) (NSW SJ55-04)
Tindale (1974)
Ngarigo (name of language), Ngarego, Ngarago, Garego, Currak-da-bidgee, Ngaryo (typographical error), Ngarico (probable typographical error), Ngarigu, Ngarrugu, Ngarroogoo, Murring (means men), Bemeringal (of coastal tribes means 'mountain men'), Guramal, Nguramal, Gur-mal (of Wiradjuri), Bradjerak (of southern coastal tribes, ['bara] = man, ['djerak] = savage or angry), Brajerak, Brajerang, 'Bombala tribe,' 'Menero tribe,' 'Cooma tribe.'
O'Grady et al (1966)
Ngaruku, Ngaragu, Ngundura, Ngarego, Ngarago, Garego, Ngarruga, Bemeringal,
Glottocode
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Other sources
Ngarigu [VACL] Ngurruga, Narrugu [ALRRC] Maneroo (Robinson, in Clark 2000) [Clark 2011:34]
Synonyms
Ngarrugu, Walgalu, Bemeringal, "Boombala tribe", Bradjerak, Brajerak, Brajeran, "Cooma tribe" Currak da bidgee, Garego, Guramal, Gurmal, "Menero tribe", Murring, Narigo, Ngarago, Ngaragu, Ngarego, Ngarico, Ngarroogoo, Ngarrugo, Ngaruku, Ngaryo, Ngundura, Nguramal, Ngarruga, Currak da bidgee, Gur mal, Brajerang, Bombala tribe, Menero tribe, Cooma tribe
Comment
Comments: 
Koch's analysis of grammatical materials and comparison of vocabulary lists leads to the conclusion that the Canberra language D62 and Wolgal / Walgalu S47 along with Ngarigo (S46) the language of the Monaro, are dialects of the same language (2011:19). Hercus (1986:165) describes a variety of Ngarigu S46 spoken on the Snowy River around Delegate and to the south towards Orbost which she calls Southern Ngarigu S98. Flood (1984) reports that the language of Canberra is Ngarigo (S46), rather than Ngunawal D3 as reported by Tindale. Clark (2005) says that Gundungerre (Jaithmathang) S43 is either an alternative name for Ngarigu or a dialect of Ngarigu. Clark (2009) says that Yaithmathang S43 is a dialect of Ngarigu.
References: 
  • Clark, Ian. 2005. Aboriginal language areas in Victoria - a reconstruction: a report to Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages. Melbourne: Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages.
  • Clark, Ian. 2009. Dhudhuroa and Yaithmathang languages and social groups in north-east Victoria - a reconstruction. Aboriginal History 33:201-229.
  • Flood, Josephine. 1984. Recent research on traditional Aboriginal society of the Canberra area. Canberra Historical Journal 13:17-25.
  • Hercus, Luise Anna. 1986. Victorian languages: a late survey: Pacific Linguistics B-77. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Koch, Harold. 2010. Aboriginal languages and social groups in the Canberra region. In Indigenous language and social identity: papers in honour of Michael Walsh, eds B. Baker, I. Mushin, M. Harvey & R. Gardner. Pacific Linguistics 626. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
ACT
NSW
VIC
Location information: 
Monaro tableland north to Queanbeyan; Bombala River from near Delegate to Nimmitabel; west to divide of the Australian Alps (Tindale 1974). ... on the Southern Monaro from Bombala to Nimmitabel and along the Snowy Valley in the delegate area, and around Goongerah in Victoria (Hercus 1986 according to Clark 2005:16). Ngarigo was spoken from Canberra in the north to Omeo in the south, and from Tumbarumba in the west to Bombala in the east. It was also spoken at Yass (Flood 1984:20).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
Luise Hercus, Janet Mathews
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS5
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar A few articles 1
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript note: 
Check Matthews Notebooks
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002) SOUTHERN NEW SOUTH WALES GROUP Southern tablelands group Ngarigo (or Ngarrugu) Ngarigo (or Ngarrugu)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Ngarigu
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Yuin Ngarigu Ngarigu [dialect: Walgalu, presumably also Ngarigu]
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Yuin Ngarigu
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Yuin Ngarigu
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Yuin Ngarigo