S51: Dyirringañ

AIATSIS code: 
S51
AIATSIS reference name: 
Dyirringañ

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Yuin (Djiringanj/Dyirringan)
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Djiringanj
Thesaurus heading language
Dyirringañ language S51
Thesaurus heading (old)
Djirringany / Dyirringany language (S51) (NSW SJ55-04)
Tindale (1974)
Dyirringan, Jeringin, Yuin (in part).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
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Other sources
Jiringayn [Wafer and Lissarrague 2008:107]
Synonyms
Djirringanj, Yuin, Djiringanj/Dyirringan, Dhurga, Djiringanj, Dyirringan, Thaua, Thawa, Walbanga, Wandandian, Dyirringany, Jiringayn, Jeringin
Comment
Comments: 
According to Eades (1976:5), the only material for Dyirringañ (S51) comprises Mathews' (1902) manuscripts and his brief published grammar of the language. This evidence suggests that Dyirringañ was a language separate from, and to the south of, Dhurga S53. Wafer and Lissarrague (2008:101, 107) link Jiringayn (S51) and Thawa S52 as dialects of the 'Southern Coastal' variety of their 'South-east NSW ("Yuin") language group'. However, it is not clear how closely related these two languages are. Neither Eades (1976) nor Besold (2012-13) mention a dialectal relationship between Thawa and Dyirringañ. Besold (2012-13:3), remarking on the difficulty of drawing definitive conclusions about the language situation in this area, says that 'even recent statements such as 'Thawa is distinguished from Jeringan (Djirringanj) but Jeringan and Thoorga (Dhurga) S53 are closely related and are variants of a single language' (Biamanga Gulaga Final Report, 2005) cannot be confirmed based on the language analysis presented in this study.'
References: 
  • Besold, Jutta. 2012-13. Language Recovery of the New South Wales South Coast Aboriginal Languages. Australian National University, PhD thesis. (R01524 MAR)
  • Blake, Barry, and Julie Reid. 2002. The Dhudhuroa language of northeastern Victoria: a description based on historical sources. Aboriginal History 26:(177)-210.
  • Eades, Diana. 1976. The Dharawal and Dhurga languages of the New South Wales south coast: Australian Aboriginal Studies, Research and Regional Studies 8. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Mathews, Robert Hamilton. 1902. The Thoorga language. Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of QLD 17:49-73.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
Location information: 
From Jingellic eastward was the country of the Walgalu tribe, whose speech resembled partly the Dhudhuroa and partly the Dyirringan, a tongue spoken from about Nimmitabel to Bega (Blake & Reid 2002:179). From Cape Dromedary (Kajan) south to beyond Bega; inland to the sharp scarp of the Dividing Range east of Nimmitabel (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (vocabulary) - unclear status
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)SOUTHERN NEW SOUTH WALES GROUPNew South Wales south coast groupDjirringanjDjirringanj
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganYuin-KuricDyirringany
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganYuin-KuricYuinDyirringany
Oates (1975)Djiringanj
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)