S52: Thawa

AIATSIS code: 
S52
AIATSIS reference name: 
Thawa

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Yuin (Thaua/Thawa)
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Thaua
Thesaurus heading language
Thawa language S52
Thesaurus heading (old)
Thaua / Dhawa language (S52) (NSW SJ55-04)
Tindale (1974)
Thawa, Thauaira, Thurga (language name applies also to tribes as far north as the Wandandian), Thoorga, Du:rga, Durga, Dhu:rga, Tharawal (of Howitt, 1885:811), Tadera-manji, Guyanagal (lit. southerner), Guyangal-yuin (['uin] == ['juin] = man), Murring (inland term means 'men,' see Wandandian tribe), Katungal (sea people, a general term), Baianga (tomahawk people), Paiendra (error for Paienbra), Paienbera ('tomahawk people,' name applied to inland hordes by southern tribes).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Thawa, Thauaira, Thoorga, Thurga, Tadermanji, Tauaira, Guyangalyuin
Glottocode
-
Other sources
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Synonyms
Yuin, Thaua/Thawa, Dhurga, Djiringanj, Dyirringan, Thaua, Walbanga, Wandandian, Baianga, Dhu:rga, Du:rga, Durga, Guyanagal, Guyangal yuin, Guyangalyuin, Katungal, Murring, Paienbera, Paiendra, Tadera manji, Tadermanji, Taua, Tauaira, Tharawal, Thauaira, Thoorga, Thurga, Dhawa
Comment
Comments: 
Wafer and Lissarrague (2008:101, 107) link Thawa and Jiringayn S51 as dialects of the 'Southern Coastal' variety of their 'South-east NSW ("Yuin") language group'. However, it is not clear how closely related these two languages are. Neither Eades (1976) nor Besold (2012-13) mention a dialectal relationship between Thawa and Dyirringan. Besold (2012-13:3), remarking on the difficulty of drawing definitive conclusions about the language situation in this area, says that 'even recent statements such as 'Thawa is distinguished from Jeringan (Djirringanj) but Jeringan and Thoorga (Dhurga) S53 are closely related and are variants of a single language' (Biamanga Gulaga Final Report, 2005) cannot be confirmed based on the language analysis presented in this study.'
References: 
  • Besold, Jutta. 2012-13. Language Recovery of the New South Wales South Coast Aboriginal Languages. Australian National University, PhD thesis. (R01524 MAR)
  • Capell, Arthur. 1963. Linguistic survey of Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
  • Clark, Ian. 1996. Aboriginal language areas in Victoria: a reconstruction. Melbourne: Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages.
  • Dixon, R. M. W. 2002. Australian languages: their nature and development: Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Eades, Diana. 1976. The Dharawal and Dhurga languages of the New South Wales south coast: Australian Aboriginal Studies, Research and Regional Studies 8. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Liston, John. 1993. The Thaua language: an Aboriginal pictionary from the New South Wales far south coast. The Country Area Program, South Coast. Department of School Education.
  • Oates, William J. and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Mathews, Robert Hamilton. 1902. The Thoorga language. Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of QLD 17:49-73.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
Location information: 
Along the coast of New South Wales from Bermagui northerly to Jervis Bay (Mathews 1902 Thoorga Language). From north of Merimbula south to Green Cape; west to the scarp of the Dividing Range (Tindale 1974). (The locations given by Mathews and Tindale above contradict locations identified by Eades (1976) or Clark (1996), which are adopted by this database.)
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
John Liston, Robert Mathews
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarA few articles1
Audio-visualLess than 11
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (songs) - unclear status
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)SOUTHERN NEW SOUTH WALES GROUPNew South Wales south coast groupThawaThawa
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganYuin-KuricThawa
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganYuin-KuricYuinThawa
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganYuin-KuricYuinDhawa
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganYuin-KuricYuinDhawa (Djiringany)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganYuin-KuricYuinThaua