S61: Eora

 How to use this field
AIATSIS Code: 
S61
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Eora

tab group

Name
ABN Name
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ABS Name
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Horton Name
Eora
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Eora
Thesaurus heading language
Eora language S61
Thesaurus heading (old)
Eora / Iora language (S61) (NSW SI56-05)
Tindale (1974)
Eo-ra (['eora] = men or people), Ea-ora, Iora, Yo-ra, Kameraigal (fide McCarthy, 1946, and pers. comm. 1958, is a hordal name; he preferred-Eora as the term for the tribe), Kem:arai (name of the northern portion of Port Jackson), Kemmaraigal, Camera-gal, Cammera, Camerray-gal, Cam-meray, Kemmirai-gal, Gweagal (name of horde on southern side of Botany Bay), Bedia-mangora, Gouia-gul, Gouia, Botany Bay tribe (horde), Wanuwangul (horde near Long Nose Point, Balmain, and Parramatta), Kadigal (horde on south side of Port Jackson), Caddiegal.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Biyal Biyal (from biyal 'no') [ALRRC]
Synonyms
Sydney
Iora
Gamaraygal
Iyora
Biyal Biyal
Eo ra
Ea ora
Yo ra
Kameraigal
Kem:arai
Kemmaraigal
Camera gal
Cammera
Camerray gal
Cam meray
Kemmirai gal
Gweagal
Bedia mangora
Gouia gul
Gouia
Botany Bay tribe
Wanuwangul
Kadigal
Caddiegal
Comment
Language comment
References

Attenbrow, Valerie. 2002. Sydney's Aboriginal past: investigating the archaeological and historical records Sydney: UNSW Press.
Capell, Arthur. 1970. Aboriginal languages in the south central coast, New South Wales: fresh discoveries. Oceania 41(1), 20-27.
Fraser, John ed. 1892. An Australian language as spoken by the Awabakal, the people of Awaba or Lake Macquarie. Sydney: Charles Potter, Government Printer.
Kohen, James. 1993. The Darug and their neighbours: the traditional Aboriginal owners of the Sydney region. Blacktown: Darug Link in association with Blacktown and District Historical Society.
Steele, Jeremy Macdonald. 2005. The aboriginal language of Sydney: a partial reconstruction of the indigenous language of Sydney based on the notebooks of William Dawes of 1790-91, informed by other records of the Sydney and surrounding languages to c.1905, Macquarie University: MA.
Thieberger, N & W McGregor (eds). 1994. Macquarie Aboriginal words: a dictionary of words from Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages. Sydney: Macquarie Library. (REF 426.46/M1)
Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2010. The Kuringgai puzzle. In Indigenous language and social identity: papers in honour of Michael Walsh, eds B. Baker, I. Mushin, M. Harvey & R. Gardner. Pacific Linguistics 626. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NSW
Location information
(re: Eora and Kuringgai) ... the Sydney Peninsula (north of Botany Bay, south of Port Jackson, west to Parramatta), as well as the country to the north of Port Jackson, possibly as far as Broken Bay (Attenbrow 2002:34) ... as far north as the (southern side) of Broken Bay (Smith 2004:21 in Wafer & Lissarrague 2008:163).
Maps
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Catalogue
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
Jakelin Troy
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
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Speaker NILS table
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
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NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
5
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection None 0
Grammar Small grammar (100-200 pages) 3
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript Note: 
not available
Grammar: 
Steele, Jeremy Macdonald. 2005. The aboriginal language of Sydney: a partial reconstruction of the indigenous language of Sydney based on the notebooks of William Dawes of 1790-91, informed by other records of the Sydney and surrounding languages to c.1905, Macquarie University: MA.
Dictionary: 
Troy, Jakelin. 1994. The Sydney language. Canberra: Australian Dictionaries Projects, AIATSIS.
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)          
Dixon (2002)   SYDNEY SUBGROUP*   Iora, Gamaraygal Dharuk possible further dialect names: Gamaraygal, Iora
Wurm (1994)          
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Iyora Iyora Dharuk [dialects: Guringgai (Kuringgai), Iyora]
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Iora Iora  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Kuri Iora (Yora)  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)