S69: NGARRINDJERI

AIATSIS Code: 
S69
AIATSIS Reference name: 
NGARRINDJERI

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Ngarrindjeri language (Previously Narrinyeri language)
ABS Name
Ngarrindjeri
Horton Name
Ngarrindjeri
Ethnologue name
Narrinyeri
ISO 639-3 code
nay
Tindale name
-
Thesaurus heading
Ngarrindjeri / Narrinjeri language (S69) (SA SI54-13)
Tindale (1974)
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
narr1259
Other sources
Narinyerrie, Narrin'yerree, Narinjari (Gale & French 2005:4)
Synonyms
Ngarrindjeri
Narrinyeri
Jarildukald
Meintangk
Pirtulun
Ramindjeri
Tanganukald
Warki
Alkaiyana
Koiyana
Kokkaiya
Korariga
Kororega
Kowrarega
Narrinjeri
Wathai yunu
Ngarinyeri
Narinyerrie
Narrinyerree
Narinjari
Yaralde
Comment
Language comment
This is a widely accepted name for a language in South Australia, but according to Berndt and Berndt (1993:19), the term Narrinyeri (S69) was introduced by Taplin; it was not a term used by speakers. McDonald (2002:11) notes, though, that this term is now firmly established in the minds of the Ngarrindjeri people. Both Taplin (1879) and Berndt and Berndt (1993) list a number of Ngarrindjeri clans, each of which they believed had their own dialect. More recent studies distinguish fewer dialects. For example, McDonald (2002) distinguishes five dialects, these being: Warki S1, Tanganekald S11, Ramindjeri S2, Portaulun S3 and Yaraldi S8.
References

Berndt, Ronald, and Catherine Berndt. 1993. A world that was: the Yaraldi of the Murray River and the Lakes, South Australia. Carlton, VIC: Melbourne University Press at the Miegunyah Press.
Gale, Mary-Anne, and Dorothy French. 2005. Language overview & resource guide for Ngarrindjeri, the language of the Lower Murray, Lakes and Coorong region of South Australia (draft).
McDonald, Maryalyce. 2002. A study of the phonetics and phonology of Yaraldi and associated dialects. München: Lincom Europa.
Taplin, George. 1879. Grammar of the language spoken by the Narrinyeri tribe in South Australia. In The folklore, manners, customs, and languages of the South Australian Aborigines, ed. George Taplin. Adelaide: Government Printer.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
SA
Location information
The Ngarrindjeri 'nation' and language is associated with the country on the Lower Murray River and in the Murray Lakes and Coorong region of South Australia. The community of Raukkan on the southern shores of Lake Alexandrina (formerly known as Point McLeay) is considered by many as a major hub of Ngarrindjeri country (Gale & French 2005). ... "a great triangle of land" extending from the western extremity of Cape Jervis on the tip of the Fleurieu Peninsula, north to Swanport on the Murray River (about 5 kms south of Murray Bridge) and south around Lake Alexandrina and Lake Albert, and stretching further south along the Coorong to Kingston. (Taplin 1879, in Gale and French 2005:2). Contemporary location : Murray Bridge and communities in the Riverland (Gale & French 2005:2).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
1445
NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
7
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listSmall (20-100 pages)2
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarSmall grammar (100-200 pages)3
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available (vocabulary)
Grammar: 
Yallop, Colin. 1975. Narinjari: an outline of the language studied by George Taplin, with Taplin’s notes and comparative table. Part 1: The Narinjari language 1864-1964: Oceania Linguistic Monographs 17(1). Sydney: University of Sydney. Gale, Mary-Anne. 2007. Ngarrindjeri learners' guide (trial edition). Adelaide: Raukkan Community Council on behalf of the Ngarrindjeri Community. Bannister, Corinne. 2004. A Longitudinal Study of Ngarrindjeri, University of Sydney: BA (Hons).
Dictionary: 
Johnson, Steve. Ngarrindjeri wordlist, ASEDA 0038. A dictionary and a picture dictionary are currently under production.
Programs
Activities: 
Ngarrindjeri, Narrunga and Kaurna Languages Project made a tape with songs (1990). Narungga People's Language Project has been running a language revival project. South Australia. Education Dept produced a teacher's guide in 1988. A group of Ngarrindjeri people are working on language revival activities (can be contacted by Mary-Anne Gale). The Mobile Language Team held a Ngarrindjeri language workshop for language teachers in Glossop, in June 2011.
People: 
George Taplin, Colin Yallop, Mary-Anne Gale (producing a dictionary and grammar, 2008), Heinrich Meyer, Cath Ellis, Luise Hercus, Maryalyce McDonald
Indigenous organisations: 
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganNgarinyeric-YithayithicNarrinyeriNarrinyeri [dialects: Related to Ngayawung and Yuyu (Ngarrket)]
Dixon (2002)LOWER MURRAY AREAL GROUPNgarrindjeriYaralde (or Yaralde Tingar; or Ngarrindjeri or Narrinyeri) Meyer (1843), Cerin (1994) further dialects include: Tangane, Ramindjeri
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganNgarinyeric-YithayithicNgarinyeri
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganNgarinyeric-YithayithicNgarinyeri (Narrinyeri)Ngarinyeri (Narrinyeri) [dialects: Warki, Tanganalun, Meinta:ngk, Raminyeri, Portawulun, Yaraldi]
Oates (1975)UnclassifiedNarrinjeri
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganNarrinyericKorniYaralde (Narrinyeri)
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganNarrinyericKorniNarrinyeri