S91: Nulit

AIATSIS code: 
S91
AIATSIS reference name: 
Nulit

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Name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
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Thesaurus heading language
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Thesaurus heading (old)
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Tindale (1974)
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O'Grady et al (1966)
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Synonyms
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Comment
Comments: 
Howitt (1996:73) identifies three dialects of the language spoken by the Kurnai S68 people: Nulit S91 by the Brayakaulung S41, Brataualung S39 and Tatungalung S42 clans, Muk-thang ('excellent' speech) by the Brabralung S45 clan, and Thangquai ('broad' speech) by the Krauatungalung S48 clan. Walsh (1981) largely follows this analysis, with the exception of using Muk-thang as the cover term S68 as well as one of the dialects S45, and with the addition of Bidhawal S49 as a fourth dialect. Of Bidawal S49, Howitt (1996:79-81) comments that it is a mixture of Kurnai, Ngarigo S46 and 'Murring' (i.e. a Yuin language). On the other hand, Clark (2005) treats Braiakalung S41, Brataualung, Tatungalung, Brabralung and Krauatungalung as dialects of Ganai S68, while Gardner (1996:5) and Hercus (1969) treat them as names of groups whose language is Kurnai.
References: 
  • Howitt, Alfred William. 1996 [1904]. The native tribes of south-east Australia. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press.
  • Walsh, Michael. 1981. Maps of Australia and Tasmania. In Language atlas of the Pacific area Pt 1, eds S.A. Wurm and Shirô Hattori. Canberra: Australian Academy of the Humanities.
  • Wesson, Sue C. 2002. The Aborigines of eastern Victoria and far south-eastern New South Wales, 1830 to 1910: an historical geography, Monash University: PhD.
Status: 
Potential no data
Location
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Catalogue
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People: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
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Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)NulitMuk-thang (Gaanay, Kurnai, Kunnai) further dialects: Nulit, Thangquai, Bidhawal
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganGanayNulit (spoken by the Braiakaulung, Bratauolung, Tatungalung tribes)Muk-Thang [dialects: Muk-Thang (Brabiralung), Thangguai, Bidhawal, Nulit (spoken by the Braiakaulung, Bratauolung, Tatungalung tribes)]
Oates (1975)
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)