T1: Northern Tasmanian

AIATSIS Code: 
T1
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Northern Tasmanian

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
-
Horton Name
Tommeginne
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
North Tribe
Thesaurus heading
Tommeginne / North Tasmania people (Tas SK55-03)
Tindale (1974)
-
O'Grady et al (1966)
-
Glottocode
-
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Tommeginne
North tribe
North Tasmania
North Tribe
Northern
Comment
Language comment
The records of Tasmanian languages/dialects are sparse. According to Crowley and Dixon (1981:403), Northern (i.e. the region east of Circular Head T12 and west of Port Sorell T13) is probably a language on its own, although the figure of 50 percent common vocabulary with Piper River T14 (with which it is not contiguous) does not discount it being a dialect of the same language. Crowley (1993:54) concludes from examination of vocabulary lists and comments from colonial observations about who could and who could not understand each other that at least eight separate languages and possibly as many as twelve belong to Tasmania. Crowley and Dixon ((1981:404) conclude there is no evidence to indicate a single Tasmanian language family, available evidence indicates two, four or even eight distinct families. Bowern (2012) groups twelve languages into four language macro-families (northeastern, Oyster Bay, southeastern (Bruny) and western) using methods from evolutionary biology to systematically investigate vocabularies, from thirty five language lists. Crowley and Dixon (1981:402-403) compare collected vocabularies from fifteen regions. This database assigns reference names for Tasmania based on this regional list. See also Oyster Bay T2; North-western T3; Northern Midlands T4; South-eastern T5; Macquarie Harbour T6; Ben Lomond T7; Big River T8; Cape Portland T9; South-western T10; Robbin Island T11; Circular Head T12; Port Sorrell T13; Piper River T14 and Little Swanport T15. The areas defined as Northern and Port Sorrell T13 in Crowley and Dixon's map (1981:394) roughly coincides with the area defined as Tommeginne by Horton in the AIATSIS map of Aboriginal Australia. Northern Tasmanian language data, along with historical sources from all Tasmanian languages and dialects, form the basis of palawa kani language T16 construction.
References

Bowern, Claire. 2012. The riddle of Tasmanian languages. Proceedings of the Royal Society. 279, 4590-4595. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2012.1842
Horton, David. 1994. The Encyclopaedia of Aboriginal Australia. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press.
Crowley, Terry, and R. M. W. Dixon. 1981. Tasmanian. In Handbook of Australian languages vol. 2, eds R. M. W. Dixon and B. J. Blake, 395-421 + map p. Canberra: ANU Press.
Crowley, Terry. 1993. Tasmanian Aboriginal language : old and new identities. In Language and Culture in Aboriginal Australia, eds Michael Walsh and Colin Yallop, 51-71. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press.
Taylor, John Albert. 2010. Dictionary of Palawa ('Tasmanian Aboriginal') Place Names. MS 4970.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
TAS
Location information
Central north coast (Crowley & Dixon, 1981:394).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
- - - - - - - -
Speaker NILS table
- - - -
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
1
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript Note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)          
Dixon (2002)          
Wurm (1994) Tasmanian Stock     Tasmanian Languages  
Walsh (1981) Tasmanian Languages     Northern  
Oates (1975)          
Wurm (1972)          
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)