W10: Ballardong

AIATSIS code: 
W10
AIATSIS reference name: 
Ballardong

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Balardung
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Balardong
Thesaurus heading language
Ballardong language W10
Thesaurus heading (old)
Balardung / Baladon language (W10) (WA SH50-15)
Tindale (1974)
Ballardong, Balladong, Ballardon, Ballerdokking, Waljuk, Warrangul ('kangaroo country,' applied also to the Koreng), Warrangle, Warranger, Toode-nunjer (['Tu:de-njunga] = men of Toodyay a term applied by coastal people), Boijangura (hill people), Boyangoora, Booyungur, Maiawongi (name applied to language), Mudila, Mudilja, Mudi:a (terms applied by Kalamaia to this and the adjoining southwestern tribespeople who do not practice circumcision), Minang (name applied to this and other southwestern languages by Kalamaia, basic meaning is 'south').
O'Grady et al (1966)
Ballardong, Ballerdokking, Waljuk, Toode-nunjer
Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Balardung, Ballerdokking, Boyangura, Maiawongi, Mudila, Toode nunjer, Waljuk, Warranger, Warrangul, Baladon, Balardong, Balladong, Ballardon, Ballerdocking, Boijangura, Booyungur, Boyangoora, Mean anger, Meenung, Meernanger, Minang, Minnal Yungar, Minung, Mirnong, Mount Barker tribe, Mudi:a, Mudilja, Toodenunjer, Warrangle
Comment
Comments: 
This is one of the Noongar / Nyungar W41 groups. See record for Noongar / Nyungar W41 for a discussion about the relationship between Noongar / Nyungar people names and language/dialect names. Oates (1975:88) says that Balardung (W10) was deleted in Wurm's 1970 classification but retained by von Brandenstein (1971). The Noongar Boodjar Waangkiny Language Centre assigns the Balardong (W10) clan to the 'Djiraly: Northern' dialect, noting the approximate nature of 'how the original 14 recognised Noongar Clans have been drawn into 3 main dialects'. Language data by Hackett in Curr (1886) is identified as that of the 'Ballardong or Ballerdokking' group, and records for several Daisy Bates items not held in the AIATSIS collection contain the Ballardong language heading. Ballardong has been treated as a Noongar / Nyungar W41 dialect in past classifications and several Noongar / Nyungar community web sites treat it as a language variety. Note, however, that there is a place called Balladong. Douglas (e.g. 1976:5-6) makes no reference to Ballardong but does mention a dialect called Tjapanmay A92, the location of which ('New Norcia - Goomalling area') corresponds to part of the location Tindale (1974) describes for Balardong (W10). Further, Tindale mentions that the name 'Tap:anmai, instead of Balardong, is used at Goomalling. Tjapanmay A92 may be the name of the language variety spoken by the Ballardong people (i.e. the people of Balladong).
References: 
  • Brandenstein, Carl G. von. 1971. Report to the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies on field work conducted September - December 1970 as part of the 1969/1970 project Western Desert fringe study. (PMS 2143).
  • Douglas, Wilfrid H. 1976. The Aboriginal languages of the south-west of Australia, 2nd edition: Australian Aboriginal Studies, Research and Regional Studies 9. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Noongar Boodjar Waangkiny Language Centre. <http://noongarboodjar.com.au/language/noongar-dialects/>, viewed 31 March 2016.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Wurm, S.A. 1970. Linguistic classification and the prehistory of Australia. In Linguistic trends in Australia, ed. D. C. Laycock, pp. 7-25. ( B L427.21/L1)
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 
York district and east to the vicinity of Tammin, Kununoppin, Waddouring Hill, and Bencubbin. North along the Avon River; at Toodyay, Goomalling, Wongan Hills, and northward to Kalannie where there is a native mine for white stone used for knives and multibarbed spears. South to Pingelly and Wickepin. Western boundary the Darling scarp (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualLess than 11
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (Bates)
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganPilbara-Nyungar (Southwest)NjungarBalardung
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganSouthwestNyungaBalardong