W2: Mirnang / Mineng

AIATSIS code: 
W2
AIATSIS reference name: 
Mirnang / Mineng

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Minang
Ethnologue name
Nyunga [Mirnong]
ISO 639-3 code
xrg
Tindale name
Minang
Thesaurus heading language
Mirnang / Mineng language W2
Thesaurus heading (old)
Minang language (W2) (WA SI50-11)
Tindale (1974)
Minung, Meenung, Mirnong, Mean-anger, Meern-anger, Minnal Yungar (lit. 'southern men'), Meenung (name given by Ko:reng), Mount Barker tribe.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Minung, Meenung, Mearn-anger
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Synonyms
Nyungar, Minang, Nyunga, Mearn anger, Meenun, Minnal Yungar, Mirnong, Mount Barker tribe, Meenung, Mining, Minninng, Minong, Minung, Mean anger, Meern anger
Comment
Comments: 
This is one of the Noongar / Nyungar W41 groups. See record for Noongar / Nyungar W41 for a discussion about the relationship between Noongar / Nyungar people names and language/dialect names. The Noongar Boodjar Waangkiny Language Centre assigns the Minang (W2) clan to the 'Kongal-boyal - South-eastern' dialect, noting the approximate nature of 'how the original 14 recognised Noongar Clans have been drawn into 3 main dialects'. However, there is language data by Spencer in Curr (1886), Mulvaney and Green eds (1992) and several Daisy Bates items not held in the AIATSIS collection. It has been treated as a Noongar / Nyungar W41 dialect in past classifications and several Noongar / Nyungar community web sites treat it as a language variety.
References: 
  • Curr, Edward Micklethwaite. 1886-87. The Australian race: its origin, languages, customs, place of landing in Australia, and the routes by which it spread itself over that continent. Melbourne: John Ferres, Government Printer; London: Trübner.
  • Mulvaney, John & Neville Green eds. 1992. Commandant of solitude: the journals of Captain Collet Barker 1828-1831. (B B255.23/C2)
  • Noongar Boodjar Waangkiny Language Centre. <http://noongarboodjar.com.au/language/noongar-dialects/>, viewed 19 October 2015.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 
King George Sound; north to Stirling Range, Tenterden, Lake Muir, Cowerup, and Shannon River. On coast from West Cliff Point to Boat Harbour; at Pallinup (Salt) River; at Mount Barker, Nornalup, Wilson Inlet, and Porongurup Range (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar 1 (on Nyungar)
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (bates)
Grammar: 

Douglas, Wilfrid. 1968. The Aboriginal languages of the south-west of Australia. Canberra: AIAS.

Dictionary: 
-
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan South-West Nyungar Nyunga [Mirnong] Nyunga [Former Nyungar languages: Tjapanmay, Karlamay, Pipelman (Pipalman), Ngatjumay, Kwetjman, Mirnong, Kaniyang Pindjarup, Whadjuk.]
Dixon (2002) Minang Nyungar tribal names: Njunga, Wutjari, Koreng, Minang, Pipalman, Wartanti, Pindjarup, Whadjuk, Kaneang, Wilmen, Njaki-Njaki
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan South-West Mirnong
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan South-West Nyungar Mirnong
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Pilbara-Nyungar (Southwest) Njungar Minung
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Southwest (or Nyungic) Nyungar Mirnong
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Southwest Nyunga Minang