W21: Tharrkari

AIATSIS Code: 
W21
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Tharrkari

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Tharrkari language (Previously Thargari language)
ABS Name
-
Horton Name
Tharrgari
Ethnologue name
Dhargari
ISO 639-3 code
dhr
Tindale name
Targari
Thesaurus heading
Tharrkari / Tharrgari language (W21) (WA SF50-13)
Tindale (1974)
Tarugari, Dargari, Tarkari, Tarkarri, Dalgari, Tarl-garri.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Dargari, Tarkarri
Glottocode
dhar1247
Other sources
Tharrgari [Alpher 2006.p.c.] Tarlgarri, Thadgarri [Dixon 2011:26]
Synonyms
Dhargari
Tharrgari
Targari
Tharkarri
Dalgari
Dargari
Tarkari
Tarkarri
Tarlgarri
Tarugari
Thadgarri
Thargari
Tarl garri
Comment
Language comment
Tharrgari (W21) is a Pama Nyungan language of the Mantharta group, along with Jiwarli W28, Thiin W25 and Warriyangka W21 (Austin, 1991:20). Austin describes two dialects of Dhargari (W21) which are virtually identical, differing only in whether they have collapsed or retained the contrast between laterals and stops. Austin refers to them descriptively as the 'd-dialect' and the 'l-dialect'. As they have no known names, these dialects are not included as language headings in the Thesaurus (1981:207).
References

Austin, Peter. 1981. Proto-Kanyara and proto-Mantharta historical phonology. Lingua, vol. 52, pp. 295-333. (p AUS)
Austin, Peter. 1991. Double case-marking in Kanyara and Mantharta languages Western Australiain La Trobe working papers in Linguitics, Vol 4, pp19-35.
Sutton, Peter. 1995. Country: Aboriginal boundaries and land ownership in Australia. Canberra: Aboriginal History Inc.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
WA
Location information
On Lyndon Station and the coastal plain south of the Lyndon River and west of Round Hill; east to Hill Springs and Minilya River headwaters; south to Middalya, Moogooree, and Kennedy Range. Post-European migration took them east to the Lyons River (Tindale 1974). [Tharrkari's] western extent was to Lyndon and Williambury Stations and they were not north of Maroonah (Austin in Sutton 1995:97).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
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NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
7
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listSmall (20-100 pages)2
Text CollectionLess than 20 pages1
GrammarSketch grammar (less than 100 pages)2
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Klokeid, Terry. 1969. Thargari phonology and morphology: Pacific Linguistics B12. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Dictionary: 
Austin, Peter. 1992. A dictionary of Tharrgari, Western Australia. Bundoora: La Trobe University.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Peter Austin, Terry Klokeid, Geoffrey O'Grady, Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestInland NgayardaDhargari
Dixon (2002)GASCOYNE RIVER TO PILBARA AREAL GROUPTharrkari,Mantharta dialects: Tharrkari, Warriyangka, Tjiwarli, Thiin
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestDhargari
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestKanyaraDhargari
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganPilbara-Nyungar (Southwest)KanyaraDargari
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganSouthwest (or Nyungic)ManthardaThargari
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganSouthwestKanyaraTargari