W25: Thiin

AIATSIS code: 
W25
AIATSIS reference name: 
Thiin

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Thiin
Ethnologue name
Djiwarli (Thiin)
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Tenma
Thesaurus heading language
Thiin language W25
Thesaurus heading (old)
Thiin language (W25) (WA SF50-13)
Tindale (1974)
Te:n (valid alternative), Teen.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Thenma [Dixon 2011:27]
Synonyms
Djiwarli, Denma, Dhiin, Tenma, Deen, Te:n, Teen, Teenma, Thenma, Thiinma
Comment
Comments: 
Thiin is a Pama Nyungan language of the Mantharta group, along with Jiwarli W28, Warriyangka W22 and Tharrkari W21 (Austin, 1991:20). Jiwarli and Thiin may be dialects of one language (Austin, p.c., in Thieberger, 1993:106)
References: 
  • Austin, Peter. 1991. Double case-marking in Kanyara and Mantharta languages Western Australiain La Trobe working papers in Linguitics, Vol 4, pp19-35.
  • Austin, Peter Kenneth. 1981. Proto-Kanyara and Proto-Mantharta historical phonology. Lingua, vol. 54, pp. 295-333. (p AUS)
  • Radcliffe-Brown, A.R. 1913. The distribution of native tribes in part of Western Australia. Science of Man, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 34-35. (S 57/63)
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 
Head of Henry River; Barlee Range; Frederick River; on Marillana (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Peter Austin, Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS0
2005Estimate0
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection None 0
Grammar 2? (on Mantharta languages)
Audio-visual Less than 1 1
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Austin, Peter. 1987. A reference grammar of the Mantharta languages, Western Australia, ms.

Dictionary: 
-
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan South-West Inland Ngayarda Djiwarli (Thiin)
Dixon (2002) GASCOYNE RIVER TO PILBARA AREAL GROUP Thiin Mantharta dialects: Tharrkari, Warriyangka, Tjiwarli, Thiin
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan South-West Dhin
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan South-West Coastal Ngayarda Dhiin
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Pilbara-Nyungar (Southwest) Coastal Ngayarda Denma
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Southwest (or Nyungic) Mantharda Tenma
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Southwest Mantharda Tenma