W28: Jiwarli

AIATSIS code: 
W28
AIATSIS reference name: 
Jiwarli

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Jiwarli
Ethnologue name
Djiwarli
ISO 639-3 code
djl
Tindale name
Djiwali
Thesaurus heading language
Jiwarli language W28
Thesaurus heading (old)
Jiwarli / Djiwarli language (W28) (WA SE50-14)
Tindale (1974)
Tjiwali (valid variant), Jiwali, Jivali, Tivali.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Jiwali, Jivali
Glottocode
djiw1240
Other sources
Guwari, Tci-warli [Dixon 2011:25]
Synonyms
Tjiwarli, Djiwarli, Djiwali, Dyiwarli, Guwari, Jiwali, Kuwari, Mantharta, Tai warli, Tjiwarliny, Jivali, Tci warli, Tjiwali, Tivali
Comment
Comments: 
Jiwarli is a Pama Nyungan language of the Mantharta group, along with Thiin W25 and Warriyangka W22 and Tharrkari W21 (Austin, 1991:20). Jiwarli and Thiin may be dialects of one language (Austin, p.c., in Thieberger, 1993:106). The Jiwarli materials collected by Austin from the late Jack Butler consists of seventy texts, fieldnotes and about fifteen hours of recordings (1991:21). Not to be confused with Juwaliny A88
References: 
  • Austin, Peter. 1991. Double case-marking in Kanyara and Mantharta languages Western Australiain La Trobe working papers in Linguitics, Vol 4, pp19-35.
  • Austin, Peter. 1992. A dictionary of Jiwarli Western Australia.Bundoora Victoria: Department of Linguistics, La Trobe University.
  • Austin, Peter. 2006. Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Vol 6 Elsevier.
  • Burgman, Albert and Peter Austin. 2007. Jiwarli: Jiwarli - English dictionary, English - Jiwarli wordlist and topical wordlist. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.
  • Sutton, Peter. 1995. Country: Aboriginal boundaries and land ownership in Australia. Canberra: Aboriginal History Inc.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 
Ashburton River region, south-east from Exmouth and Onslow (Sally Dixon, Wangka Maya, 2007 p.c.). The places which mark the limits of Jiwarli territory are: north: mirni Minnie Springs. Here the Jiwarli met the Thalanyji north east: kajriwari Mount Florrie on the border with the Pinikura south east: yaalha pool on Henry River East Branch is the south east limit south west: karlapaya High Range borders on Tharrkari country south: japarntipirri Edmund River borders on Warriyangka country and the Barlee Range borders on the Thiin. (http://www.linguistics.unimelb.edu.au/research/jiwarli/region.geog.html). ... the eastern neighbours of the Purduna were the Jiwarli, who owned territory along the Henry River south to Edmund Station (Austin in Sutton 1995:97) ... traditionally spoken along the upper reachers of the Henry River, a tributary of the Ashburton River (Austin 2006, vol 6:125). ... the area at the top end of the Yannarie River down to the Lyons River where it divides and up to the Henry River (Burgman & Austin 2007:iii).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Peter Austin, Kevin McKelson, Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS0
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listMedium (100-200 pages)3
Text CollectionSmall (20-100 pages)2
GrammarSketch grammar (less than 100 pages)2
Audio-visualLess than 11
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Austin, Peter. c2001. Jiwarli: a language of Western Australia, http://www.linguistics.unimelb.edu.au/research/projects/jiwarli/index.html.

Dictionary: 
Austin, Peter. 1992. A dictionary of Jiwarli, Western Australia. Bundoora: La Trobe University. Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. 2006. Jiwarli: Jiwarli-English dictionary English-Jiwarli wordlist & topical wordlist 2006. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. Burgman, Albert. 2007. Jiwarli dictionary 2007. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya PALC. (CD ROM) Burgman, Albert & Peter Austin. 2007. Jiwarli: Jiwarli-English dictionary, English-Jiwarli wordlist & topical wordlist 2007. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestInland NgayardaDjiwarli
Dixon (2002)GASCOYNE RIVER TO PILBARA AREAL GROUPTjiwarliMantharta dialects: Tharrkari, Warriyangka, Tjiwarli, Thiin
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestDjiwarli
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestCoastal NgayardaDjiwarli
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganPilbara-Nyungar (Southwest)Coastal NgayardaDjiwarli
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganSouthwest (or Nyungic)ManthardaDjiwali
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganSouthwestManthardaDjiwali