W30: Nhuwala

AIATSIS code: 
W30
AIATSIS reference name: 
Nhuwala

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Nhuwala
Ethnologue name
Nhuwala
ISO 639-3 code
nhf
Tindale name
Noala
Thesaurus heading language
Nhuwala language W30
Thesaurus heading (old)
Nhuwala language (W30) (WA SF50-06)
Tindale (1974)
Nuala, Ngoala, Noella, Noanamaronga (Mardudun-era term), Nooanamaronga, Jawanmala (means 'downstream people,' name used by the Indjibandi), Nunkaberi.
O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
nhuw1239
Other sources
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Synonyms
Ngoala, Noala, Nornamaronga, Jawanmala, Noalla, Noanamaronga, Noella, Nooanamaronga, Nooanamarongo, Nooela, Nuala, Nuela, Nunkaberi, Nuwala
Comment
Comments: 
References: 
  • Radcliffe-Brown, A.R. 1913. The distribution of native tribes in part of Western Australia. Science of Man, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 34-35. (S 57/63)
  • Sutton, Peter. 1995. Country: Aboriginal boundaries and land ownership in Australia. Canberra: Aboriginal History Inc.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 
Coastal plain from about Cape Preston near the mouth of Fortescue River southwest in a strip about 40 miles (65 km.) wide to a line running south from Onslow, but not extending to the Ashburton River, which is held by the Talandji (Tindale 1974). Nowala were a small group round Onslow (Palmer in Sutton 1995:99).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates>20
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualLess than 11
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestCoastal NgayardaNhuwala
Dixon (2002)GASCOYNE RIVER TO PILBARA AREAL GROUPPilbara/Ngayarta areal groupNhuwalaNhuwala
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestNhuwala
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestCoastal NgayardaNhuwala
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganPilbara-Nyungar (Southwest)Coastal NgayardaNuwala
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganSouthwest (or Nyungic)NgayardaNoala
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganSouthwestNgayardaNoala