W34: Binigura / Pinikura

AIATSIS code: 
W34
AIATSIS reference name: 
Binigura / Pinikura

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Pinikura
Ethnologue name
Pinigura
ISO 639-3 code
pnv
Tindale name
Binigura
Thesaurus heading language
Binigura / Pinikura language W34
Thesaurus heading (old)
Pinikura language (W34) (WA SF50-10)
Tindale (1974)
Binnigoora, Biniguru, Binnigora, Pinikurra.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Binnigoora, Biniguru, Binnigora
Glottocode
pini1244
Other sources
Pinneegoora (Bates), Binigura (Radcliffe-Brown, Capell), Pinikurra (von Brandenstein, Oates & Oates), Binnigoora (Oates & Oates) [Austin 2008:31] Binniguru [Dixon 2011:21]
Synonyms
Pinigura, Binnigoora, Pinneegoora, Biniguru, Binnigora, Binniguru, Pinikurra
Comment
Comments: 
Austin (2008) comments that Pinikura (W34) has been classified as a member of the Ngayarda subgroup by von Brandenstein (reported in Oates (1975)) and Wordick (1982) without any supporting data or discussion. Based on his own data, collected in 1978 and 1994, Austin claims Pinikura should probably be classified as belonging to the Kanyara subgroup together with Payungu W23, Purduna W24 and Thalanyji W26 (Austin 2008:34).
References: 
  • Austin, Peter. 2008. The classification of Pinikura, Western Australia. In Morphology and language history, Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 298. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Sutton, Peter. 1995. Country: Aboriginal boundaries and land ownership in Australia. Canberra: Aboriginal History Inc.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Wordick, F. J. F. 1982. The Yindjibarndi language: Pacific Linguistics C-71. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 
On Ashburton River between Mount Price and Kooline; south to Wannery Creek; north to near Mount Amy, Urandy, and the beginning of the uplands of Duck Creek; east to lower headwaters of Hardey River on western boundary of Ashburton Downs (Tindale 1974). Pinikura territory is roughly correct on Davis's map 1993 (Austin in Sutton 1995:97). ... on the north side of the Ashburton River about Duck Creek (Brown 1912:144, in Austin 2008:31). Duck Creek, south to Ashburton River; north east to Hamersley Range; headwaters of Robe and Cane Rivers (Capell (following Tindale 1940) 1963, in Austin 2008:31-32). Duck Creek, south to Ashburton River, north-east to Hammersley Range, headwaters of the Robe and Cane Rivers; Austin (1983) situates the language south of the Ashburton River (Thieberger 1993:131, in Austin 2008:32). ... upper Ashburton from the Henry River junction upstream to about Hardey junction and Mount McGrath (Austin 2008:32).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Peter Austin, Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre, C.G. von Brandenstein, A. Radcliffe-Brown
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates10
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualLess than 11
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestDhalanjiPinigura
Dixon (2002)GASCOYNE RIVER TO PILBARA AREAL GROUPKanjara subgroup*PinikuraThalantji/Pinikura
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestPinigura
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestCoastal NgayardaPinigura
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganPilbara-Nyungar (Southwest)Coastal NgayardaBinigura
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganSouthwest (or Nyungic)NgayardaBinigura
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganSouthwestNgayardaBinigura