W36: Kurrama

AIATSIS Code: 
W36
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Kurrama

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
Other Australian Indigenous Languages, nec (Gurama)
Horton Name
Kurrama
Ethnologue name
Kurrama
ISO 639-3 code
vku
Tindale name
Kurama
Thesaurus heading
Kurrama language (W36) (WA SF50-11)
Tindale (1974)
Jawunmara (Indjibandi term, applied also in a slightly different form to Mardudunera), Gurama, Kerama, Karama, Korama, Jana:ri (see note under Indjibandi).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Karama, Korama
Glottocode
kurr1243
Other sources
Karima, Korima [Dixon 2011:35]
Synonyms
Other Australian Indigenous Languages
Gurama
Janari
Jardira
Kerama
Korima
Gurrama
Jana:ri
Jawunmara
Karama
Karima
Korama
Kurama
Yarnarri
Yinyjiwarnti Kurrama
Mijarranypa
Marntartka
Ngamangamara
Comment
Language comment
According to Dench (1990, as quoted in Wangka Maya 2001:9), there may be as many as five dialects of Kurrama: Yarnarri, Yinyjiwarnti Kurrama, Mijarranypa, Marntartka and Ngamangamara. Yindjibarndi W37 is closely related to Kurrama. Dixon (2002) lists treats them as the same language. Von Brandenstein (pMS 2126) says Kurrama is a Jindjiparndi W37 dialect, with almost identical vocabulary and grammar. Wordick (1982) says they are closely related and that some linguists would treat them as ‘dialects of the same unnamed language’ but that speakers consider them distinct. Tindale (1974) says the name Kurama W36, meaning 'highlanders', may also have been used as a descriptive term for Yindjibarndi people. AUSTLANG and the Thesaurus follow Wordick in treating Yindjibarndi and Kurrama as distinct languages.
References

Brandenstein, Carl G. von. 1968. Interim report, 1968, no.1 (July-August). (PMS 2126)
Capell, Arthur. 1963. Linguistic survey of Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
Dixon, R. M. W. 2002. Australian languages: their nature and development: Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Dixon, Sally. 2011. How to read and write Pilbara languages. South Hedland: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. 2001. Kurrama wordlist & sketch grammar. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.
Wordick, F. J. F. 1982. The Yindjibarndi language: Pacific Linguistics C-71. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
WA
Location information
Mutalkura (Top End Kurrama)- Hammersley Ranges, around Marandoo and Tom Price as far as Palm Spring; Punukunti (Bottom End Kurrama) - Duck Creek, around Boolgeeda Creek, the western arm of the Beasley River down to Cajuput Spring; Nhamarrnhamarra (Robe River Kurrama) - around Red HIll. This group joined with the Punukunti (Brehaut & Vitenbergs 2001 as quoted in Wangka Maya 2001) Plateau tops of Hamersley Range, north to cliff wall looking down on valley of Fortescue River; east to Mount McCrae at western boundary of Hamersley Station; south to headwaters of Duck Creek and upper Hardey River at Rocklea (Tindale 1974) Contemporary location Onslow, Tom Price (Dixon 2011:35)
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
----
NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
7
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listSmall (20-100 pages)2
Text CollectionSmall (20-100 pages)2
GrammarSketch grammar (less than 100 pages)2
Audio-visualLess than 11
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Wangka Maya PALC. 2006. Kurrama wordlists & sketch grammar. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya PALC.
Dictionary: 
Wangka Maya PALC. 2006. Kurrama wordlists & sketch grammar. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya PALC. Burgman, Albert. 2006. Kurrama : Kurrama - English dictionary, English - Kurrama wordlist, topical wordlist and sketch grammar. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya PALC.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Alan Dench, Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestCoastal NgayardaKurrama
Dixon (2002)GASCOYNE RIVER TO PILBARA AREAL GROUPPilbara/Ngayarta areal groupKurramaYinjtjiparnrti/Kurrama Wordick (1982)
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestKurrama
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestCoastal NgayardaKurrama
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganPilbara-Nyungar (Southwest)Coastal NgayardaGurama
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganSouthwest (or Nyungic)NgayardaKurama
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganSouthwestNgayardaKurama