W38: Ngarluma

AIATSIS Code: 
W38
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Ngarluma

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Ngarluma language
ABS Name
Ngarluma
Horton Name
Ngarluma
Ethnologue name
Ngarluma
ISO 639-3 code
nrl
Tindale name
Ngaluma
Thesaurus heading
Ngarluma language (W38) (WA SF50-07)
Tindale (1974)
Ngalama, Gnalooma, Gnalouma, Gnalluma, Ngar-luma, Qualluana (a misreading of handwriting), Naluma (perhaps draftsman's error), 'Nickol Bay' tribe, Kymurra and Paljari (class terms of their social organization).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Gnalooma, Gnalouma, Gnalluma
Glottocode
ngar1287
Other sources
Ngalluma [Dixon 2011:38]
Synonyms
Kymurra
Ngaluma
Gnalluma
Gnalooma
Gnalouma
Jaburarra
Jaburrara ngarluma
Karira Ngaluma
Naluma
Ngalama
Ngallooma
Ngalluma
Ngalooma
"Nickol Bay" tribe
Paljari
Qualluana
Ngar luma
Nickol Bay tribe
Comment
Language comment
According to Oates (1975:70), Ngarluma has three dialects: East Ngarluma W57, West Ngarluma W56 and a northern dialect called Jaburarra W47. This is based on von Brandenstein's research, who also mentions that there is minimal difference between East Ngarluma and West Ngarluma, and that all his informants spoke East Ngarluma (von Brandenstein 1966:2, PMS 2130). Von Brandenstein also refers to Ngarluma and Jindjiparndi W37 as 'dialects', while Simpson (1980) says the two are 'closely related'. On the other hand, Wangka Maya (2001:7) notes that Kariyarra W39 is closely related to Ngarluma and, according to a 'purely linguistic classification' (such as Dixon (1980), Dench (1982), and Thieberger (1993)), they are dialects of the same language.
References

Brandenstein, Carl G. von. 1966. Interim report (3) [to A.I.A.S.] on field NW - WA 15.8.65 - 15.9.65. (PMS 2130).
Dench, Alan. 1982. The development of an accusative case marking pattern in the Ngayarda languages of Western Australia. Australian journal of linguistics, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 43-59.
Dixon, R. M. W. 1980. The languages of Australia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Dixon, Sally. 2011. How to read and write Pilbara languages. South Hedland: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.
Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
O’Grady, G. N., C. F. Voegelin and F. M. Voegelin. 1966. Languages of the world: Indo-Pacific fascicle six. Anthropological Linguistics 8(2).
Simpson, Jane. 1980. Ngarluma as a W* language. Typescript. (MS 1859).
Sutton, Peter. 1995. Country: Aboriginal boundaries and land ownership in Australia. Canberra: Aboriginal History Inc.
Thieberger, Nicholas. 1993. Handbook of Western Australian Aboriginal languages south of the Kimberley region: Pacific Linguistics C-124. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. 2001. Karriyarra topical wordlist and accompanying picture book. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.
Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. 2001. Kariyarra wordlists & sketch grammar. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
WA
Location information
Port Walcott, Roebourne and vicinity; at Sherlock River; inland to the foot of the uplands from 40 to 70 miles (65 to 110 km.); east to Depuch Island and Balla Balla; they visited islands off Nickol Bay but not those off Hampton Harbour which belonged to the Jaburara; west almost to Maitland River. Note that Curr's 'Markand' River is a misreading of Maitland (Tindale 1974). Ngarluma were at Roebourne and south to the ranges (Palmer in Sutton 1995:99). Contemporary location: Roebourne and surrounding towns (Dixon 2011:38).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
80 - 100 19 9 <20 9 32
Speaker NILS table
- - - -
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
11
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Medium (100-200 pages) 3
Text Collection Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Grammar Sketch grammar (less than 100 pages) 2
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Kohn, Allison. 2001. A morphological description of Ngarluma. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya PALC.
Dictionary: 
Thieberger, Nicholas. c2001. Ngarluma-English dictionary: a compilation of files produced from Ken Hale's fieldnotes. Port Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya PALC. Wangka Maya PALC. 2004. Ngarluma-English Dictionary. South Hedland. Wangka Maya PALC.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Ken Hale, von Brandenstein, Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre
Indigenous organisations: 
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan South-West Coastal Ngayarda Ngarluma  
Dixon (2002)   GASCOYNE RIVER TO PILBARA AREAL GROUP Pilbara/Ngayarta areal group Ngarluma (or Kymurra) Ngarluma (or Kymurra)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan South-West   Ngarluma  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan South-West Coastal Ngayarda Ngarluma  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Pilbara-Nyungar (Southwest) Coastal Ngayarda Ngarluma  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Southwest (or Nyungic) Ngayarda Ngarluma (Ngaluma)  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Southwest Ngayarda Ngaluma