W4: Kaniyang

AIATSIS code: 
W4
AIATSIS reference name: 
Kaniyang

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Kaniyang
Ethnologue name
Nyunga [Kaniyang]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Kaneang
Thesaurus heading language
Kaniyang language W4
Thesaurus heading (old)
Kaniyang language (W4) (WA SI50-11)
Tindale (1974)
Kunjung (as spoken by Koreng), Kunyung, Ka:lbar-anggara (name given them by Wiilman, Ka:la = fire), Jabururu (Minang term, i.e., northerners), Yobberore, 'Uduc-Harvey tribe,' Kaleap (place name), Qualeup, Qua-lup, Quailup, Waal.g
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Synonyms
Nyungar, Kaneang, Nyunga, Ganeang, Jabururru, Kunyung, Ganajang, Harvey, Jaburu, Jabururu, Ka:lbaranggara, Kaleap, Kaniyan, Kunjung, Quailup, Qualeup, Qualup, Uduc, Waal, Yobberore, Ganiyang, Ka:lbar anggara, Uduc Harvey tribe, Qua lup, g
Comment
Comments: 
This is one of the Noongar / Nyungar W41 groups. See record for Noongar / Nyungar W41 for a discussion about the relationship between Noongar / Nyungar people names and language/dialect names. The Noongar Boodjar Waangkiny Language Centre assigns the Kaneang (W4) clan to the 'Kongal-marawar: South-western' dialect, noting the approximate nature of 'how the original 14 recognised Noongar Clans have been drawn into 3 main dialects'.
References: 
  • Bignell, Merle. 1971. First the spring: a history of the shire of Kojonup, Western Australia. Nedlands, WA: University of Western Australia Press. (B B593.82/F2)
  • Douglas, Wilfrid H. 1968. The Aboriginal languages of south-west Australia: speech forms in current use and a technical description of Njungar: Australian Aboriginal Studies 14, Linguistic Series 4. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Noongar Boodjar Waangkiny Language Centre. <http://noongarboodjar.com.au/language/noongar-dialects/>, viewed 19 October 2015.
  • Thomson, C., G. Hall & G. Friend (eds). 1993. Mountains of mystery: a natural history of the Stirling Range. Como, WA: Department of Conservation and Land Management. (B T482.21/M1)
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 
On the upper Blackwood River; east to a line joining Katanning, Tambellup, Cranbrook, and Tenterden; at Ko-jonup, Collie, Qualeup, Donnybrook, Greenbushes, Bridgetown; headwaters of Warren and Frankland rivers; south bank of Collie River to Collie; in later days they went west to the coast and as far north as Harvey. (Tindale 1974) (The location in Douglas 1968 is different. WA handbook follows Tindale.) ... the southern boundary...about Tenterden (Bignell 1971:6).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (Bates)
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestNyungarNyunga [Kaniyang]Nyunga [Former Nyungar languages: Tjapanmay, Karlamay, Pipelman (Pipalman), Ngatjumay, Kwetjman, Mirnong, Kaniyang, Pindjarup, Whadjuk.]
Dixon (2002)KaneangNyungar tribal names: Njunga, Wutjari, Koreng, Minang, Pipalman, Wartanti, Pindjarup, Whadjuk, Kaneang, Wilmen, Njaki-Njaki
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestKaniyang
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestNyungarKaniyang
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganPilbara-Nyungar (Southwest)NjungarGaniyang
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganSouthwest (or Nyungic)NyungarKaniyan
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganSouthwestNyungaKaneang