W70: Jaurnmalu

AIATSIS code: 
W70
AIATSIS reference name: 
Jaurnmalu

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
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Thesaurus heading language
Jaurnmalu language W70
Thesaurus heading (old)
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Tindale (1974)
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O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Jaunmalu, Ja'unmalu
Comment
Comments: 
According to Oates (1975) and Thieberger (1993), Jaurnmalu (W70) is one of three dialects of Yindjibarndi W37, the other two being Burnugundi W68 and Mandanjingu W69. The original source of information on these names is von Brandenstein (1967), who identifies them as 'subgroups' of Yindjibarndi. Dench (1995) notes the ambiguity of von Brandenstein's use of this term with respect to Jaurnmalu W70. Von Brandenstein appears to use Jaurnmalu, Purnukundi W68 and Marndanjingu W69 either interchangeably as people and language names (pp. 19-20), or as names of peoples whose language is Jindjiparndi W37. (See 'Language - Tribe' maps at the end of the publication.) By contrast, Wordick (1982), who worked intensively on Yindjibarndi, says there is essentially no dialectal variation in Yindjibarndi, nor does he mention any of the names given by von Brandenstein. Tindale gives a very similar form to Jaurnmalu, 'Jawunmala', as an alternative name for both Martuthunira W35 and Noala W30, and the slightly different 'Jawunmara' as an alternative name for Kurama W36. In all cases he notes that it is an Indjibandi W37 form. Oates (1975) notes that Jaurnmalu runs parallel to coastal Mardudhunira W35.
References: 
  • Brandenstein, Carl G. von. 1967. The language situation in the Pilbara - past and present. In Papers in Australian Linguistics 2. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Dench, Alan. 1995. Martuthunira, a language of the Pilbara region of Western Australia: Pacific Linguistics C-125. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Thieberger, Nicholas. 1993. Handbook of Western Australian Aboriginal languages south of the Kimberley region: Pacific Linguistics C-124. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
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Location information: 
... westernmost dialect (Oates 1975, in Thieberger 1993).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
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Manuscript note: 
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Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Language-dialect relationships
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