W9: Wajuk

AIATSIS code: 
W9
AIATSIS reference name: 
Wajuk

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Wajuk
Ethnologue name
Nyunga [Whadjuk]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Whadjuk
Thesaurus heading language
Wajuk language W9
Thesaurus heading (old)
Wajuk language (W9) (WA SI50-02)
Tindale (1974)
Wadjuk, Wadjug, Whajook (['whad] = ['wada] = ['juad] = [i:wat] == no), Witja:ri, Wadjup (name of the flats of the Canning River), Juadjuk, Yooard, Yooadda, Minaln-junga: (Juat term ['minang] = south, ['njunga:] = man), Minnal Yungar, Derbal (a name for general locality of Perth), Karakata (a name for Perth), Caractterup tribe, Karrakatta (bank of Swan River at Perth), Ilakuri wongi (name applied to language).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Whadjuk, Whajook, Yooard, Yooadda, Minalnjunga, Minnal, Yungar, Yungur
Glottocode
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Other sources
Synonyms
Nyungar, Whadjuk, Nyunga, Beelia, Beeloo, Derbal, Ilakuri wongi, Juadjag, Juadjek, Juadjuk, Karakata, Karrakatta, Minal njunga, Minalnjunga, Minnal Yungar, Mooro, Murram, Swan River Tribe, Wadjug, Whajak, Wadjuk, Wadjup, Whajook, Witja:ri, Witjari, Yooadda, Yooard, Yoongar, Yuard, Yuatjek, Yungar, Yungur, Minnal, Minaln junga:, Caractterup tribe
Comment
Comments: 
Tindale lists Witja:ri A94 as an alternative name of Whadjuk (W9). However, the comparison of his Witja:ri word list to available Whadjuk word lists indicates that they are data from different languages. Tindale also lists the name 'Ilakuri wongi' as an alternative name for his 'Whadjuk' and, consequently, it is not clear whether it should be considered a variant of Wajuk or Witjaari A94. The Noongar Boodjar Waangkiny Language Centre assigns the Whadjuk (W9) clan to the 'Djiraly: Northern' dialect, noting the approximate nature of 'how the original 14 recognised Noongar Clans have been drawn into 3 main dialects'. In this database Wajuk is tentatively treated as a dialect of Noongar / Nyungar W41 on the basis of past classifications. See record for Noongar / Nyungar W41 for a discussion about the relationship between Noongar / Nyungar people names and language/dialect names.
References: 
  • Noongar Boodjar Waangkiny Language Centre. <http://noongarboodjar.com.au/language/noongar-dialects/>, viewed 19 October 2015.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 
Swan River and northern and eastern tributaries inland to beyond Mount Helena; at Kalamunda, Armadale, Victoria Plains, south of Toodyay, and western vicinity of York; at Perth; south along coast to near Pinjarra (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (Bates)
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan South-West Nyungar Nyunga [Whadjuk] Nyunga [Former Nyungar languages: Tjapanmay, Karlamay, Pipelman (Pipalman), Ngatjumay, Kwetjman, Mirnong, Kaniyang Pindjarup, Whadjuk.]
Dixon (2002) Whadjuk Nyungar tribal names: Njunga, Wutjari, Koreng, Minang, Pipalman, Wartanti, Pindjarup, Whadjuk, Kaneang, Wilmen, Njaki-Njaki
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Pilbara-Nyungar (Southwest) Njungar Wadjug
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Southwest Nyunga Wadjuk