Y106: Djabugay / Tjapukai^

AIATSIS code: 
Y106
AIATSIS reference name: 
Djabugay / Tjapukai^

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Name
ABN name
Djabugay language
ABS name
Djabugay
Horton name
Djabuganjdji
Ethnologue name
Dyaabugay
ISO 639-3 code
dyy
Tindale name
Tjapukai
Thesaurus heading language
Djabugay / Tjapukai language Y106
Thesaurus heading (old)
Djabugay / Tjapukai / Djabuganjdji language (Y106) (Qld SE55-01)
Tindale (1974)
Tjapukandji (valid variant), Tja:pukanja, Tjabogai-tjandji, Tjabogai-tjanji, Tcabogai-tjanji, Toabogai-tjani (typographical error), Tjabogaijanji, Dyabugandyi, Dyabugay, Tapelcay, Tuffelcey (probable misreading of old handwriting), Koko-njunkulu (northern term), Koko-nyungalo, Koko Tjumbundji (Kokojelandji term), Hileman (lapsus calami), Njakali (Buluwai terrn), Nyakali, Barron River dialect (Meston), Binggu (Redlynch horde).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Tjapukandji, Tjapukanja, Tjabogaitjandji, Tjabogaijanji, Kokonjunkulu, Kokonyungalo, Koko-Tjumbundji, Hileman, Njakali, Nyakali
Glottocode
dyaa1242
Other sources
Synonyms
Dyaabugay, Djabuganjdji, Buluwai, Irukandjai, Dyabugay, Tjapukandji, Tjapukanja, Tjabogaitjandji, Tjabogaijanji, Kokonjunkulu, Kokonyungalo, Koko Tjumbundji, Hileman, Njakali, Nyakali, Tja:pukanja, Tjabogai tjandji, Tjabogai tjanji, Tcabogai tjanji, Toabogai tjani, Dyabugandyi, Tapelcay, Tuffelcey, Koko njunkulu, Koko nyungalo, Barron River dialect, Binggu
Comment
Comments: 
Djabugay comprised five dialects: Yirrgay Y111, Guluy Y160, Nyagali Y162, Bulway Y110 and Djabugay; Djabugay is used as both a language name and a dialect name. Djabuygay shares similarities with the southern neighbouring language group Yidiny Y117, including vocabulary, pronoun roots, nominal and verbal suffixes and some enclitics; traditionally intermarriage between the two was permitted, resulting in bilingualism. The Kuku Yalanji Y78 to the north was not so socially involved with Djabugay and the cognates, morphological systems and realisations are different in many aspects (Patz, 1991:246-247).
References: 
  • Patz, Elisabeth. 1991. Djabugay. In Handbook of Australian languages, vol. 4, eds R. M. W. Dixon and B. J. Blake, 244-347. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
The group speaking Djabugay dialects inhabited a triangle from just south of Cairns to just north of Atherton, then northward along the Barron River and on to Mount Molloy, then meeting the coast again between Port Douglas and Mossman (Patz 1991: 246-47).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
Kuranda State School ran a Djabugay program in 80's; this was running up to early 2000's. Smithfield State School also ran a Djabugay program for a while. Several school materials were produced early 90's.
People: 
Barry Alpher, Roy Banning, Ken Hale, Sandera Keen, Elisabeth Patz, Michael Quinn, Sue Robertson, Peter Sutton, Djabugay Tribal Aboriginal Corporation
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates50
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census28
2011Census27
2016Census46

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Grammar Sketch grammar (less than 100 pages) 2
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (vocabulary only)
Grammar: 

Patz, Elisabeth 1991 Djabugay. In Handbook of Australian languages, vol. 4, eds. RMW Dixon and B Blake, 244-347. Canberra: ANU Press.

Dictionary: 
Roy Banning & Sue Robertson. 1990. Jaabugay-English dictionary.
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Yidinic Dyaabugay Dyaabugay [dialects: Njakali (Nyakali, Nyagali), Dyaabugay, Gulay]
Dixon (2002) CAIRNS SUBGROUP* Djabugay Djabugay Patz (1991) further dialects: Yirrgay, Bulway, Guluy, Njagali
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Yidinyic Dyaabugay
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Yidinyic Dyaabugay Dyaabugay [dialects: Dyaabugay, Bulway, Yirgay, Guluy, Nyagali]
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Yidinic Djabugay
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Yidinic Dyabugay
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Atherton Pama Tjapukai