Y123: DYIRBAL / JIRRBAL

AIATSIS code: 
Y123
AIATSIS reference name: 
DYIRBAL / JIRRBAL

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Name
ABN name
Dyirbal dialects
ABS name
Dyirbal
Horton name
Djirbalngan
Ethnologue name
Dyirbal
ISO 639-3 code
dbl
Tindale name
Djirubal
Thesaurus heading language
Dyirbal / Jirrbal language Y123
Thesaurus heading (old)
Dyirbal / Djirbal / Jirrabul language (Y123) (Qld SE55-05)
Tindale (1974)
Tjirbal, Chirpalji, Dyirbaldyi, Djirbal, Dyirbalngan (collective term), Dyirbal, Chirpa, Choolngai (of Wakara tribe), Njirma (horde at Ravenshoe).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Djirbal, Tjirbal, Chirpalji
Glottocode
dyir1250
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Dyirbal, Djirbalngan, Djiru, Giramay, Gulngai, Jirrbalngan, Keramai, Malanbara, Ngatjan, Mamu, Djirubal, Djirbal, Tjirbal, Chirpalji, Dyirbaldyi, Dyirbalngan, Chirpa, Choolngai, Njirma
Comment
Comments: 
Dyirbal is a language name which has the following dialects: Ngadjan Y121, Waribarra Mamu Y118, Dulgubarra Mamu Y122, Jirrbal Y149, Gulngay Y126, Djirru Y124, Girramay Y127, and Walmalbarra Y150 (Dixon 1972 and 2002); Walsh (1981) further distinguishes Dyirribarra Mamu Y151 and Gambilbarra Dyirrbal Y152.
References: 
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Dixon, R. M. W. 1972. The Dyirbal language of north Queensland. London: Cambridge University Press.
  • Dixon, R. M. W. 2002. Australian languages: their nature and development: Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Walsh, Michael. 1981. Maps of Australia and Tasmania. In Language atlas of the Pacific area Pt 1, eds S. A. Wurm and Shirô Hattori. Canberra: Australian Academy of the Humanities.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Clump Point and vicinity; north to Murdering Point; south to mouth of Tully River (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Annette Schmidt, Bob Dixon, Norman Tindale
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt40
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS5
2005Estimate5
2006Census0
2011Census16
2016Census8

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listMedium (100-200 pages)3
Text CollectionMedium (100-200 pages)3
GrammarLarge grammar (more than 200 pages)4
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Dixon, R. M. W. 1972. The Dyirbal language of north Queensland. London: Cambridge University Press.

Dictionary: 
Dixon, R. M. W. 1975. Dyirbal dictionary with illustrative sentences (roughly transcribed), ms.
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganDyirbalicDyirbalDyirbal [dialects: Dyiru, Girramay (Keramai), Gulnguy (Gulngay), Mamu, Ngadjan (Ngatjan).]
Dixon (2002)HERBERT RIVER GROUPDyirbalDyirbal Dixon (1972, 1990a) dialects: Ngadjan, Waribarra Mamu, Dulgubarra Mamu, Jirrbal, Gulngay, Djirru, Girramay, Walmalbarra
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganDyirbalicDyirbal
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganDyirbalicDyirbalDyirbal [dialects: Ngadyan, Waribarra Mamu, Dulgubarra Mamu, Dyirribarra Mamu, Dyiru, Gulngay, Girramay, Gambilbarra Dyirrbal, Gambilbarra Dyirrbal, Dyabunbarra Dyirrbal, Walmalbarra]
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganDjirbalicDjirbal
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricDyirbalicDyirbal
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricYaraDjirubal