Y129: Nywaigi

AIATSIS code: 
Y129
AIATSIS reference name: 
Nywaigi

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Nyawaygi
Ethnologue name
Nyawaygi
ISO 639-3 code
nyt
Tindale name
Nawagi
Thesaurus heading language
Nywaigi language Y129
Thesaurus heading (old)
Nyawaygi language (Y129) (Qld SE55-10)
Tindale (1974)
Nyawigi, Geugagi.
O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
nyaw1247
Other sources
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Synonyms
Nyawaygi, Manbara, Nawagi, Warakamai, Wulgurukaba, Geugagi, Negewi, Newigi, Nyawigi, Njawigi
Comment
Comments: 
Nyawaygi (Y129) is used as a people and language name, possibly constructed with nyaway 'no' and the comitative suffix -gi 'with' (based on Craig, 1898 in Dixon 1983:433). Nyawaygi has the smallest consonant paradigm in Australia, with 12 consonants including r and d functioning as allophones of a single sound and an extensive set of verbal conjugations with three open and four small closed conjugations. Neighbouring languages include Wargamay Y134 and Biyay Y220, in the west Warungu Y133 and Biri E56 in the south and Manbara (Palm Island) Y135 (Dixon 1983:431-435).
References: 
  • Curr, Edward Micklethwaite. 1886-87. The Australian race: its origin, languages, customs, place of landing in Australia, and the routes by which it spread itself over that continent. Melbourne: John Ferres, Government Printer; London: Trübner.
  • Dixon, R. M. W. 1983. Nyawaygi. In Handbook of Australian languages vol. 3, eds R. M. W. Dixon and B. J. Blake, 430-525. Canberra: ANU Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Cassady (1886:424 in Curr) described the territory: 'the Halifax Bay tribe occupies a tract of country fronting the shore of the bay for about fifty miles, and extending fifteen miles inland'. 'The northern limit appears to have been the Herbert River at Halifax and Ingham where Nyawaygi joined Biyaygiri; the southern limits are reported to have been near the modern township of Rollingstone. At its northern end, the western boundary ran between Toobanna, Frances Creek and Waterview Creek (which were in Nyawaygi territory) and the Stone River (which was Warungu country). To the south the Nyawaygi tract may have tapered off, effectively delimited by the Seaview Range (Mount spec was said to fall outside the Nyawaygi boundaries) (Dixon 1983:432). Southwest of Herbert River; principally on the high Sea View Range as far southeast as Harveyside and the Reid River; they were rain forest dwellers; they differed from the Warakamai who lived chiefly in coastal schlerophyll forest country; according to Dixon they went to the seashore near Ingham (Tindale 1974:182)
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
Bob Dixon
Indigenous organisations: 
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS1-2?
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar Sketch grammar (less than 100 pages) 2
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Dixon, R. M. W. 1983. Nyawaygi. In Handbook of Australian languages vol 3, eds. in RMW Dixon and B Blake, 430-525. Canberra; Australian National University Press.

Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Dyirbalic Nyawaygi Nyawaygi [dialects: Related to Wulguru, Bindal, and Yuru, which may be extinct.]
Dixon (2002) HERBERT RIVER GROUP Nyawaygi Nyawaygi Dixon (1983)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Nyawaygic Nyawaygi
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Nyawaygic Nyawaygi
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Njawigic Njawigi
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Nyawigic Nyawigi
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Yara Nawagi