Y129: Nyawaigi

AIATSIS Code: 
Y129
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Nyawaigi

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
-
Horton Name
Nyawaygi
Ethnologue name
Nyawaygi
ISO 639-3 code
nyt
Tindale name
Nawagi
Thesaurus heading
Nyawaygi language (Y129) (Qld SE55-10)
Tindale (1974)
Nyawigi, Geugagi.
O'Grady et al (1966)
-
Glottocode
nyaw1247
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Nyawaygi
Manbara
Nawagi
Warakamai
Wulgurukaba
Geugagi
Negewi
Newigi
Nyawigi
Njawigi
Comment
Language comment
Nyawaygi (Y129) is used as a people and language name, possibly constructed with nyaway 'no' and the comitative suffix -gi 'with' (based on Craig, 1898 in Dixon 1983:433). Nyawaygi has the smallest consonant paradigm in Australia, with 12 consonants including r and d functioning as allophones of a single sound and an extensive set of verbal conjugations with three open and four small closed conjugations. Neighbouring languages include Wargamay Y134 and Biyay Y220, in the west Warungu Y133 and Biri E56 in the south and Manbara (Palm Island) Y135 (Dixon 1983:431-435).
References

Curr, Edward Micklethwaite. 1886-87. The Australian race: its origin, languages, customs, place of landing in Australia, and the routes by which it spread itself over that continent. Melbourne: John Ferres, Government Printer; London: Trübner.
Dixon, R. M. W. 1983. Nyawaygi. In Handbook of Australian languages vol. 3, eds R. M. W. Dixon and B. J. Blake, 430-525. Canberra: ANU Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
QLD
Location information
Cassady (1886:424 in Curr) described the territory: 'the Halifax Bay tribe occupies a tract of country fronting the shore of the bay for about fifty miles, and extending fifteen miles inland'. 'The northern limit appears to have been the Herbert River at Halifax and Ingham where Nyawaygi joined Biyaygiri; the southern limits are reported to have been near the modern township of Rollingstone. At its northern end, the western boundary ran between Toobanna, Frances Creek and Waterview Creek (which were in Nyawaygi territory) and the Stone River (which was Warungu country). To the south the Nyawaygi tract may have tapered off, effectively delimited by the Seaview Range (Mount spec was said to fall outside the Nyawaygi boundaries) (Dixon 1983:432). Southwest of Herbert River; principally on the high Sea View Range as far southeast as Harveyside and the Reid River; they were rain forest dwellers; they differed from the Warakamai who lived chiefly in coastal schlerophyll forest country; according to Dixon they went to the seashore near Ingham (Tindale 1974:182)
Maps
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Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
- - - - - 1-2? - -
Speaker NILS table
5 5 5 5
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
5
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar Sketch grammar (less than 100 pages) 2
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Dixon, R. M. W. 1983. Nyawaygi. In Handbook of Australian languages vol 3, eds. in RMW Dixon and B Blake, 430-525. Canberra; Australian National University Press.
Dictionary: 
-
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Bob Dixon
Indigenous organisations: 
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Dyirbalic   Nyawaygi Nyawaygi [dialects: Related to Wulguru, Bindal, and Yuru, which may be extinct.]
Dixon (2002)   HERBERT RIVER GROUP   Nyawaygi Nyawaygi Dixon (1983)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Nyawaygic   Nyawaygi  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Nyawaygic   Nyawaygi  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Njawigic   Njawigi  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Nyawigic Nyawigi  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Yara Nawagi