Y220: Biyay

AIATSIS code: 
Y220
AIATSIS reference name: 
Biyay

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
Warrgamay (Biyay)
ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
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Thesaurus heading language
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Thesaurus heading (old)
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Tindale (1974)
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O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
giri, Warrgamay
Comment
Comments: 
Biyay (220), Wargamay Y134 and Biyay Y130 are closely related dialects for which Wargamay is used as a language name. Dixon refers to lexical differences between two dialects: Biyay Y130 of Hinchinbrook Island and at Lucinda Point on the mainland and Biyay (Y220) of the mainland, south-west of Lucinda Point. Both groups of Biyay refer to themselves as Biyaygiri, constructed with the word for 'no' biyay + the derivational suffix '-giri 'with'. (Dixon, 1981: 2-3).
References: 
  • Dixon, R.M.W. 1981. Wargamay. In Handbook of Australian languages vol. 2, eds R.M.W. Dixon and B.J. Blake, 1-144 + map. Canberra: ANU Press.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
... around the mouth of the Herbert River (including the present towns of Halifax and Bemerside) (Dixon 1981:3).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
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Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganDyirbalicWarrgamay (Biyay)
Dixon (2002)HERBERT RIVER GROUPBiyay(giri)Warrgamay Dixon (1981a) further dialect: Biyay(giri)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)