Y27: Ntrwa'ngayth

AIATSIS code: 
Y27
AIATSIS reference name: 
Ntrwa'ngayth

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Winda Winda (Ndraangit)
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Winduwinda (Ndraangit)
Thesaurus heading language
Ntrwa'ngayth language Y27
Thesaurus heading (old)
Ntrangith language (Y27) (Qld SD54-03)
Tindale (1974)
O'Grady et al (1966)
Tjanngayth, Mamngayt, Nra?angith
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Ntra'ngith [Alpher 2006 p.c.] Ndra'ngith [Sutton 1995:135] Ndra?angit (McConnel), Anda?aneti (Sharp) [Hale 1964:354] Ndrra'ngith [Sutton 2001:459] Ntrangith [ILDB]
Synonyms
Ntraangith, Winda Winda, Ndraangit, Adetingiti, Andyinit, Linginiti, Ndrangith, Nrwaa, Tjanngayth, Mamngayt, Nraangith, Winduwinda, Ntrangith
Comment
Comments: 
Hale (1964) uses Awngthim Y185 as a cover term for Mamngayt Y31, Ntrwa'ngayth (Y27) and Thyanngayt Y24. Tindale locates Ndruangit at the same place as Ndwangit (north side of Mission River) but these two terms possibly refer to the same group. Both are listed under Winduwinda, a cover term for twelve or more small tribes each with a name terminating in '-ngit' (1974:189). Sutton says that the origin of the term Winduwinda appears fundamentally geographical; centering on the Winda Winda Creek area and covering groups with lands between the Archer and Mission Rivers (2001:460). Donohue (1991) and ILDB treat Ntrangith Y39 as referring to the same dialect as Ntrwa?ngayth (Y27) following Oates (1975:270). Sutton (2001:459) says Ndrrwa'angathi (Y27) and Ndwa'ngith Y205 are distinct.
References: 
  • Hale, Kenneth L. 1966. The Paman group of the Pama-Nyungan phylic family. In Languages of the world: Indo-Pacific fascicle six. Anthropological Linguistics 8(2), eds G. N. O'Grady, C. F. Voegelin and F. M. Voegelin, 162-197.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Crowley, Terry. 1981. The Mpakwithi dialect of Anguthimri. In Handbook of Australian languages vol. 2, eds. R. M. W. Dixon and B. J. Blake, 147-194 + map p. Canberra: ANU Press.
  • Hale, Kenneth L. 1964. Classification of northern Paman languages, Cape York Peninsula, Australia: a research report. Oceanic Linguistics 3(2):248-265. (see also O'Grady, et al. 1966, pp162-176).
  • Sutton, Peter. 2001. Talking language. In Forty years on: Ken Hale and Australian languages, ed. Jane Simpson, et al., 453-464. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
... of the area south of Pera Head and at Norman River (Sutton 1995:135). Coast near False Pera Head (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Ken Hale
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar A few articles 1
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002) Ntra'angith Anguthimri Hale (1966b), Crowley (1981) dialects: Nggerikudi (or Yupungati), Tjungundji, Mpakwithi, Awngthim (with subdialects Mamngayt, Ntrwa'ngayth, Thyanngayth), Ntra'angith, Alngith, Linngithigh
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Paman Ntra'ngith
Walsh (1981) Paman Ntra'ngith
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Paman Northern Pama Nrwa?a
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Northern Pama Ntra'ngith
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Northern Pama Nrwa?a