Y3: Meriam Mir

AIATSIS Code: 
Y3
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Meriam Mir

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
Meriam Mir
Horton Name
Meriam Mir
Ethnologue name
Meriam
ISO 639-3 code
ulk
Tindale name
-
Thesaurus heading
Meriam Mir / Miriam Mer language (Y3) (Qld TSI SC55-05)
Tindale (1974)
-
O'Grady et al (1966)
-
Glottocode
meri1244
Other sources
-
Synonyms
East Torres
Miriam
Meryam Mir
Meriam
Boigu
Buibatyalli
Errob
Erub
Garamir
Gaurareg
Maer
Maralaig
Mer
Meryam
Morolag
Sabai
Saibai
Tagota
Ugar
Comment
Language comment
Meryam Mir (Y3) is a traditional language from the Torres Strait Islands, specifically throughout the Eastern Islands of Erub (Darnley Island), Ugar (Stephen Island) and Mer (Murray Island). The name is constructed with the word mir 'word, language' and the name of a clan living on Mer, the Meryam people: Mer + -yam '(? ) of a clan, of a place'. Meryam Mir has agglutinative morphology, and extensive system of cross-reference markers on the verb encoding information about the number, person and syntactic nature of the arguments and inflections on nouns to indicate syntactic function. In typological terms it is a double-marking language. It is classified by Wurm (in Piper) as a Papuan language of the Trans-Fly group, in close genetic relationships with the Eastern Trans-Fly family languages Bine, Gidra and Gizra (Piper, 2013:1). The Meryam people are ethnically Melanesian; they won Native Title for Mer in the historical Mabo case of 1992 (Passi & Piper 1994:321). The spelling 'Meriam Mir' is used in this database in accordance with common practice. See also Kala Lagaw Ya Y1, Kala Kawaw Ya Y2 and Torres Strait Creole P2.
References

Passi, Gamalai Ken and Nick Piper. 1994. Meryam Mir. In Nick Thieberger; William McGregor (eds). Macquarie Aboriginal Words. Macquarie Library. pp. 320–351.
Piper, Nick. 2013. A sketch grammar of Meryam Mir. Muenchen : LINCOM Europa.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
QLD
TSI
Location information
Meryam is one of three languages spoken in the Torres Strait ... throughout the eastern islands of Erub ... Darnley Island, Ugar ... Stephen Island and Mer or Murray Island (Passi & Piper 1994:320).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
2547
NILS endangerment grade
1
Documentation
Document Score: 
9
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listSmall (20-100 pages)2
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarLarge grammar (more than 200 pages)4
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Piper, Nick. 1989. A sketch grammar of Meryam Mir, Australian National University: MA.
Dictionary: 
Ray, Sidney. 2003. Dictionary of Torres Strait languages (2nd ed.). Kuranda, QLD: Rams Skull Press. Passi, Gamalai Ken and Piper, Nick. 1994. Meryam Mir. In Macquarie Aboriginal words, eds. N Thieberger, W McGregor. Macquarie University, NSW:The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Wolfgang Laade, Margaret Elizabeth Lawrie, Nick Piper, Anna Shnukal, Ray Sidney, Lamont West, Magani Malu Kes -
Indigenous organisations: 
Erub Le Traditional Land and Sea Owner (Torres Strait Islanders) Corporation
C/- Darnley Island Council
Darnley Island QLD 4875:
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Meriam
Dixon (2002)TORRES STRAIT GROUPEast Torres (or Miriam or Meryam Mir)East Torres (or Miriam or Meryam Mir) Piper (1989)
Wurm (1994)Trans-FlyEastern Trans-FlyMiriam
Walsh (1981)Eastern Trans-FlyMiriam
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganMiriamicMiriam
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)