Y41: Mbiywom

AIATSIS code: 
Y41
AIATSIS reference name: 
Mbiywom

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Mbeiwum
Ethnologue name
Uradhi [Mbiywom]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Mbewum
Thesaurus heading language
Mbiywom language Y41
Thesaurus heading (old)
Mbeiwum / Mbiywom language (Y41) (Qld SD54-03)
Tindale (1974)
KokMbewan, Mbe:wum, Mbeiwum, M-Berwum, Bywoom, Kokinno, Kokimoh.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Mbiywom, Kok Mbewam
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Synonyms
Mbiywom, Uradhi, Mbewum, KokMbewam, Kok Mbewam, KokMbewan, Mbe:wum, M Berwum, Bywoom, Kokinno, Kokimoh, Mbeiwum
Comment
Comments: 
Apart from locations provided in Hale (1963) and Tindale for Mbewum (Y41) (1974:181) the data are scarce for this language. Sutton mentions Mbiywom (Y41) as a member of (Hale's) Northern Paman subgroup; once classified as Wik-Way (language difficult/hard) by people south of the Archer River. At least two estates (possibly four) are described as belonging to Mbiywom previous to 1900 (2001:458-9). McConnel refers to the (M)beiwum (of the Upper Watson River) meeting with the Yinwum Y29, Kandyu Y44 and Wik-ampama Y48 on Merluna cattle station and Mein Telegraph Station (1939:57-59). Mbiywom and Wik Ompom Y48 may refer to the same language.
References: 
  • Sutton, Peter. 2001. Talking language. In Forty years on: Ken Hale and Australian languages, ed. Jane Simpson, et al., 453-464. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Hale, Kenneth L. 1964. Classification of northern Paman languages, Cape York Peninsula, Australia: a research report. Oceanic Linguistics 3(2):248-265. (see also O'Grady, et al. 1966, pp162-176).
  • McConnel, Ursula. c1939. Social organization of tribes of Cape York Peninsula. In Oceania; v.10, no.1 [54]-72.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
... on the middle and upper Watson River and more recently on Myall Cree. Yourk Downs and Merluna cattle stations are regarded by informants as being in Mbiywom country (Hale 1964). Upper Watson River; at Merluna (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Ken Hale
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection None 0
Grammar A few articles 1
Audio-visual Less than 1 1
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Paman Northern Pama Uradhi [Mbiywom] Uradhi [dialects: Related to Gudang, Wuthati, Luthigh (Mpalitjanh), Yinwum, Ngkoth, Aritinngithigh, Mbiywom, Andyingit.]
Dixon (2002) NORTH CAPE YORK SUBGROUP* Northern Paman subgroup* - Hale (1964, 1976b) Mbiywom Mbiywom
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Paman Mbiywom
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyingan Paman Northern Pama Mbiywom
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Northern Pama Mbiywom
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Northern Pama Mbiywom
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Northern Pama Mbeiwum